Category: Banks

14 Sep 2023
How to Manage Vulnerability Effectively with V-Scan's New Features

How to Manage Vulnerability Effectively with V-Scan’s New Features

How to Manage Vulnerability Effectively with V-Scan's New Features

It’s critical for financial institutions to stay ahead of the potential vulnerabilities and risks that can jeopardize their information technology assets. But to adequately manage risks and vulnerabilities, institutions must be able to understand what they are, identify where they are, and remedy the situation.

Risk is a multifaceted concept that encompasses threat and vulnerability. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) describes risk as the probability that a particular security threat will exploit a system vulnerability. More specifically, it is a “measure of the extent to which an entity is threatened by a potential circumstance or event, and typically a function of the adverse impacts that would arise if the circumstance or event occurs and the likelihood of occurrence.”

These circumstances can involve various sources and impacts. Generally, information system-related security risks arise from the loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of information or information systems and reflect the potential negative effects on organizational operations—including mission, functions, image, or reputation—organizational assets, individuals, and other organizations.

Managing Risks and Vulnerabilities

A vulnerability is a weakness in a system, an information system, system security, or even controls. Therefore, to manage their risks, financial institutions must also manage their vulnerabilities. To do this, institutions must know about their vulnerabilities and understand the context in which they exist.

Fortunately, financial institutions can use scanning technology to help with the daunting process of managing risks and vulnerabilities. Our V-Scan product, for example, is a comprehensive solution that analyzes IT assets, identifies vulnerabilities, and provides an extensive overview of the risks within the network environment. What’s more, V-Scan provides risk-prioritized data on all scanned IT assets.

V-Scan is designed to help institutions meet regulatory compliance. It performs weekly vulnerability scanning, which complies with the Cybersecurity Assessment Tool (CAT), developed by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC). Along with each weekly scan, the platform provides detailed reporting and a user-friendly dashboard that makes it easier to create an actionable plan to mitigate asset vulnerabilities. In addition, many cybersecurity insurance providers are requiring financial institutions to prove that they are managing known vulnerabilities. With V-Scan, institutions can provide reports that substantiate their weekly scans, assessments, and remediations.

Discovering Exploitable Vulnerabilities

Not only does V-Scan find current vulnerabilities in the environment, but it also uses numerous data points to measure the risk posed by those vulnerabilities. This information gives IT staff and oversight personnel timely details and the necessary context to maintain an effective vulnerability management program. One of the key ways institutions can use V-Scan is to discover assets that are at risk and weaknesses that should be resolved—particularly exploitable vulnerabilities. Being able to identify weaknesses that are known to have been taken advantage of allows institutions to prioritize their workload when securing their network.

For example, if the platform indicates that a Microsoft Windows security patch needs to be installed, V-Scan provides information needed to solve the problem, including which machines, devices, or assets are affected by the vulnerability. The product also allows filtered searches to be conducted based on the assets involved, such as domain controllers or printers. Having this enhanced capability further empowers IT staff to effectively manage vulnerability.

Contact us to learn more about how community banks and credit unions can leverage V-Scan to manage possible vulnerabilities and risks associated with their IT assets.

17 Aug 2023
The Advantages of Attending User Conferences for Banking Professionals

The Advantages of Attending User Conferences for Banking Professionals

The Advantages of Attending User Conferences for Banking Professionals

User conferences are dynamic events that community banks and credit unions can leverage to connect with industry experts and like-minded peers in an enriching environment. They provide a great opportunity for banking professionals to interact face-to-face with vendors; share ideas and experiences; and address their concerns about technology products, compliance, and other important industry issues. And unlike traditional industry tradeshows that are mainly designed to attract new business, user conferences have a broader purpose that translates into a host of benefits for attendees, including:

  • Training and education — User conferences provide access to valuable information that can help attendees keep up with the growing complexity of the financial services industry and technology. Participants can receive on-the-spot training through software demonstrations that allow them to see products in action. They can also enhance their knowledge through informative workshops, topic-based roundtable discussions, and other educational sessions. This allows them to learn from industry and subject-matter experts that can answer their questions, share insights, and impart best practices. This type of focused, in-person learning can make it easier for attendees to stay up to date with the latest technological advancements and other developments impacting their industry.
  • Networking opportunities — As another benefit, user conferences offer invaluable networking opportunities. Attendees can connect with their vendor’s team, ask specific questions, and learn better ways to use their products and services. They may even discover new tools for addressing some of the current challenges they are encountering. User conferences can also spark helpful interactions between colleagues who are using the same products; they can share strategies and best practices based on their respective experiences.
  • Relationship building — The personal connections that happen at user conferences can help reinforce the relationships that attendees have with their vendors. These events offer banking professionals a unique opportunity to learn more about the companies, products, and people they rely on to support their organization. For instance, participants can discuss the capabilities of software products directly with the people who built them and meet face-to-face with support staff they normally speak to on the phone.
  • Inspiration While people often learn about their software products virtually, in-person user conferences provide a much more engaging—and inspirational alternative. Connecting with industry peers and vendors’ staff outside the daily office routine can stimulate creativity. The live interactions that unfold at conference events generate energy, excitement, and enthusiasm that can send participants home full of fresh ideas.

Meeting Regulatory Expectations

However, the incentive to take part in user conferences goes beyond the practical benefits; it is expected by regulators. Examiners are increasingly placing more focus on how financial institutions manage their vendors, including capitalizing on the influence of user groups. For example, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) IT Examination Handbook’s Outsourcing Technology Services booklet states: “User groups are another mechanism financial institutions can use to monitor and influence their service provider. User groups can participate and influence service provider testing (i.e., security, disaster recovery, and systems) as well as promote client issues. Independent user groups can monitor and influence a service provider better than its individual clients.”

In addition, the FFIEC requires employees of financial institutions to engage in ongoing education and technical expertise to maintain compliance.

NetConnect™ User Conference

Safe Systems’ National Customer User Conference, NetConnect, creates the ideal setting for banking professionals and vendors to come together with their peers. This year’s NetConnect will take place in Alpharetta, Ga., just a few miles from our Georgia headquarters, on November 7-8, with a pre-conference training day on November 6.

NetConnect will bring together Safe Systems’ employees, customers, and strategic partners to exchange ideas and learn about the latest technology, compliance, and security trends in community banking. Each year, we hear positive feedback about the event from conference attendees.

Instructors were good about not letting folks get behind. A lot of ground covered in a day.
Instructors were top notch.
It says a lot to me that the entire conference content came directly from within Safe
Systems, and they all did a great job too!
A great time. I learned a lot and enjoyed myself while doing it.
The networking and social experience is top notch.
This conference is on my MUST ATTEND list!

So, whether you are a long-time or relatively new customer of Safe Systems, visit our NetConnect website to learn more about this year’s conference and how it can help you get educated, motivated, and up-to-date with the latest industry and technology trends.

27 Jul 2023
Leveraging Cloud Reporting Insights to Minimize Security Risk

Leveraging Cloud Reporting Insights to Minimize Security Risk

Leveraging Cloud Reporting Insights to Minimize Security Risk

Financial institutions face the constant threat of cyber security attacks. Yet many of them fail to realize the very real and significant security risks around the multitude of cloud-based services that support their organization.

Most banks and credit unions use Microsoft 365 (M365) and Azure Active Directory (AD) to enable employee communication (Exchange Online), collaboration (SharePoint/Teams), and productivity (PowerPoint/Word/Excel). Although these Microsoft cloud services work efficiently, their “always-on” nature exposes users to security risks. Cyberattacks are becoming more prevalent and destructive, with hackers unleashing more sophisticated kinds of ransomware, business email compromise, and phishing schemes. But attackers are targeting organizations of all types and sizes, which means even smaller institutions must be vigilant about protecting their data.

Cloud security is vitally important, as many companies end up with their users’ credentials for sale on the dark web. IBM’s Security X-Force research found almost 30,000 cloud accounts— between July 2020 and July 2021—potentially for sale on dark web marketplaces. In addition, threat actors continue increasing their efforts to defraud victims through ransomware. The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) indicates ransomware attacks strike a new target every 14 seconds, stealing information, upending operations, and exploiting businesses. Frequently, ransomware attackers target organizations that belong to a critical infrastructure sector, such as financial services. In 2022, critical infrastructure entities were the victims of nearly 900 of the 2385 ransomware complaints received by the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3).

Leveraging Insights

To even begin to mitigate cyberattacks, financial institutions need insights that increase the visibility of security risks and reveal signs of compromise. Fortunately, Microsoft cloud services include a variety of auditing and reporting features that institutions can employ to minimize cybersecurity risks. For example, they can use these features to closely monitor configuration settings and user activity within M365, Exchange, and SharePoint. This can provide valuable insights into security configuration, threat protection, and identity and access management.

Here are some key aspects that institutions can track in Microsoft 365:

  • Azure AD account activity: Insights into abnormal user sign-in patterns, identity-based risks, and compromised user accounts.
  • Threat intelligence: Information on malware campaigns, suspicious URLs, and phishing attacks
  • Advanced threat detection: Information on security incidents, alerts, and vulnerabilities that can indicate potential security breaches or suspicious activities.
  • Data loss prevention: Visibility into policy violations, incidents, and user activity related to sensitive data.

Being able to analyze data from Microsoft’s reporting features gives financial institutions a powerful benefit. It makes it easier for them to identify potential security threats, detect suspicious activities, and take proactive measures to protect their organization. While reports can’t prevent cyberattacks, they can at least expose security risks, so IT administrators can address these gaps and vulnerabilities.

Partnering with a Cloud Expert

However, some institutions may lack the internal expertise to effectively leverage the data and insights relating to their Microsoft cloud services. Partnering with a company that has Microsoft 365-certified engineers can help. Safe Systems’ CloudInsight ™ family of products was created especially for community financial institutions by Microsoft 365-certified engineers. Banks and credit unions can use these services to access reports and alerts that can enhance their security awareness and posture. M365 Security Basics, for instance, offers vital visibility into security settings for Azure AD and M365 tenants. The insights give IT admins a crucial view of security-oriented metrics and configuration settings. This can make it easier to proactively discover common security risks, including compromised user accounts, unknown users and forwarders, unapproved email access, and targeted phishing or SPAM attacks. M365 Security Basics is the ideal solution for community banks and credit unions that want to increase their visibility of security risks and indicators of compromise.

29 Jun 2023
After the Disaster - How 3 Banks Survived

After the Disaster: How 3 Banks Survived

After the Disaster - How 3 Banks Survived

Calamities can range from the mundane—such as a server crash—to the catastrophic, like a devastating hurricane tearing through your headquarters. During such crises, a robust disaster recovery (DR) plan for your hardware and IT infrastructure can make the difference between chaos and resilience. Over the past decade, numerous community financial institutions have faced such trials, each demanding a unique response. We share three stories of real-life disasters faced by our customers, each demonstrating how powerful solutions can alleviate distress and ensure a speedy return to business as usual.

Story 1: Twister Trouble

In our first disaster, a tornado left a community bank in ruins, rendering the building unusable for several months. Luckily, the servers were untouched. After consulting with Safe Systems, it was decided that the simplest solution was to move the servers and routers to another location. Once communications and the core were in place, the bank’s operations resumed quickly from the new site. When the primary building was finally renovated, Safe Systems returned the servers and routers over a weekend and the bank was fully functional in its original location once again.

This story illustrates that even though the servers were operable after the disaster, the conditions around them made it important to evaluate all the recovery options. Having a trusted managed services partner who isn’t in the “eye of the storm” can help you objectively evaluate the circumstances to make the best decision—even if it diverges from your original DR plan.

Story 2: Silent Disaster

Not all disasters announce themselves as loudly as a tornado. Some, like this one, can be subtle without all the surrounding clatter. After business hours, Safe Systems received a distress call about a failed core router. We were able to quickly establish a site-to-site VPN tunnel to the institution’s DR router which was hosted by us. The issue was resolved within a few hours and most of the bank employees were unaware of the incident. The bank quickly returned to normal operations, never missing a beat in customer service.

Despite the nature or the timing of an unexpected business interruption, your DR plan must ensure business-critical data and applications are available. Having a fully managed provider with after-hours emergency protocols and a high-availability system for fast recovery of critical servers via the Cloud allowed this bank to recover as quickly and as quietly as the incident occurred.

Story 3: Lightning Strike

A lightning strike caused extensive damage to a bank’s switches and the physical server hosting most of their virtual servers. With the switches destroyed and no local backup of the virtual servers, the bank had to resort to a mobile hotspot. Safe Systems set up a VPN from their DR router to the Cloud where the DR servers were housed. The bank managed to operate Wi-Fi-accessible devices for over a week until a new switch and server were installed.

When physical damage is extensive and can take weeks versus hours to repair, it is critical to have a partner that can establish connectivity to your locations and key vendors through various connection types—mobile hotspots, satellite internet, internet lines at another location—all of which should be critical aspects of your recovery plan.

Our Approach to Disaster Recovery

Safe Systems has a comprehensive approach to disaster recovery that encompasses data, server, and communication needs in times of crisis. Typically, Safe Systems hosts a backup disaster router at our Tier 4 data center, while each server is mirrored as a virtual server in a secure cloud. Annually, these servers are brought up in test failover mode and core communication is rerouted during a DR test. This helps us to provide a detailed report on the results and readiness for disaster. These servers and routers stand by, primed to leap into action at a moment’s notice, facilitated by our dedicated DR team.

Each of these stories underscores the importance of having a robust and flexible DR solution in place. Regardless of the disaster’s type or scale, having a reliable partner like Safe Systems helps ensure business continuity and secure access to critical systems and data.

08 Jun 2023
Maintenance Best Practices to Enhance Azure Security

Maintenance Best Practices to Enhance Azure Security

Maintenance Best Practices to Enhance Azure Security

Financial institutions that use Microsoft Azure with Exchange Online, OneDrive, and SharePoint can apply good maintenance practices to enhance their security in the Cloud. They can employ a variety of Azure Active Director (AD) concepts to summarize their data and ultimately recognize anomalies to make the cloud environment more secure. Two of the main areas that institutions can examine to identify inconsistencies are users and devices.

Anomalies with Users

The primary Azure AD user properties to analyze are the user type, synchronization status, disabled status, and creation date. Within user type, if there are a significant number of guest users, this can raise an obvious red flag especially if there is no justification for guest users to exist. In this case, for guest users without a specific approved use case, the best option is likely to delete the user.

It can be more difficult to detect abnormalities within the synchronization status of some users, especially those being synchronized to Azure AD from on-premise AD. The key is to build a good baseline to use for comparative analysis. Because users are sourced on-premise, this number should be quite familiar. But if the number does not match expectations, it should be obvious and prompt further scrutiny.

Accounting for cloud users can also be challenging because they typically are not tracked as closely as on-premise users. But if the number of cloud users drastically changes, this may indicate an anomaly. In addition, IT administrators should be cognizant of modifications involving disabled users. If the number of disabled users changes, the situation should be reviewed to determine why.

Creation date is a unique kind of property in that it relates to both security and utility. Identifying an anomaly here should be fairly simple; the number of users should match expectations. For example, if the number of users spikes abnormally for a particular day, it definitely warrants investigation.

Inconsistencies with Devices

Another critical form of identity in Azure AD is devices, including desktops, laptops, phones, and tablets. In terms of device management, we can focus on Azure AD, Intune, and Exchange Online. Having access controls with devices makes it easier to recognize anomalies. With strict access policies, the number of devices connecting should not change significantly without an administrator’s knowledge.

Conversely, spotting anomalies becomes more difficult without stringent access policies. If IT administrators are relying on default settings, those default policies will allow users to enroll devices on their own. Administrators should build a baseline to see where their numbers are and monitor device enrollment accordingly.

Scrutinizing synchronization status can also reveal inconsistencies. IT administrators should remove devices that have not been synchronized in at least 30 days and those that have no sync data, which represents a gray area. Closely monitoring the synchronization status makes device management easier and more secure going forward.

The Maintenance and Security Connection

We have seen several real-life scenarios that illustrate the connection between maintenance and security. Here’s a common type of situation that involves the creation date and sync status: You notice that a new user was created unexpectedly, which is suspicious. You investigate, starting with the synchronization status, and find that the number of cloud users does not match. Next, you review Azure AD details based on the display names and do not see the new user. Then when you examine the users by creation date, there are only existing users.

This leads to an interesting question: Can you have more than one user in Azure AD with the same name? The answer: yes and no. There are a variety of name properties, however, the User Principal Name (UPN) must be unique. If you notice that the UPN of two users is ‘identical’ check again. Look for characters that might appear the same due to typography. It could indicate intentional obfuscation and represent a form of attack on your organization. In this case, if a user is already being created as a component of an attack, it would be safe to assume some form of administrative account has been compromised.

This type of attack could happen to almost any financial institution, and it shows the importance of using ongoing maintenance to discover irregularities. Good maintenance leads to better security in Azure AD, and Safe Systems’ CloudInsight™ family of products can assist in these efforts. They provide reports that make it easier for community banks and credit unions to catch anomalies, so they can improve their security posture. For more insights about this topic, watch our “Good Maintenance Leads to Better Security in Azure” webinar.

02 Jun 2023
The Virtual ISO: Best Practices for Maximum Effectiveness

The Virtual ISO: Best Practices for Maximum Effectiveness

The Virtual ISO: Best Practices for Maximum Effectiveness

The concept of a virtual information security officer (VISO) has been gaining more traction with regulators and financial institutions. In the past, regulators have said very little about institutions using a virtual ISO. But recently, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), and Federal Reserve System have expressed at least conditional approval of the idea. They indicated that virtual ISOs can be a viable option—as long as their activities are subject to the same oversight requirements as in-house ISOs.

These regulators caution financial institutions to be careful when considering the risks and benefits of using a virtual ISO. They advise institutions to do their due diligence prior to choosing an external ISO partner, just as they would before selecting any other key vendor or critical service provider. These and other best practices can help institutions strategically leverage a third-party solution to maximize the effectiveness of the virtual ISO role for their organization.

Approaches to Implementation

There are three broad approaches to implementing a virtual ISO solution: do-it-yourself (DIY), hybrid, and off-load. These models come with specific benefits and responsibilities that institutions should carefully consider. Here is a summary of each approach:

  • DIY: This model typically provides some apps, tools, checklists, templates, and other pre-packaged components that allow institutions to fill in the blanks. One-on-one consultation with a human would be relatively limited and likely provided for an extra charge.
  • Hybrid: This approach often includes a complete set of tools: apps, templates, pre-configured reports, and sometimes pre-configured policies. Some consultation is also provided, which makes this model better suited to institutions that require a higher level of support.
  • Off-load: With this model, the virtual ISO vendor does most of the heavy lifting, providing extensive consultation, on-demand reporting, and other ISO requirements. However, as is the case with the hybrid model, the financial institution remains responsible for understanding and approving all actions taken by the vendor on behalf of the institution.

Our Virtual ISO Model

At Safe Systems, we offer a hybrid virtual ISO model—ISOversight™—that supports regulatory guidance on the ISO’s role as prescribed by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC). Our model is a moderately priced, middle-ground solution that is ideal for community banks and credit unions with limited internal resources. It combines a suite of integrated compliance apps with a dedicated lead consultant, allowing institutions to benefit from the expertise of our entire compliance department. What’s more, ISOversight provides institutions with a more objective, arms-length perspective on information security. The FFIEC Management Handbook states that “To ensure independence, the CISO/ISO should report directly to the board, a board committee, or senior management and not IT operations management.” Having these two critical roles formally separated makes it easier for the network administrator to be in more of a support function for any resident or virtual ISO, which can minimize audit or exam findings related to a possible “conflict of interest” or “concentration (or separation) of duties.”

Although the apps are useful tools that assist institutions with day-to-day tasks, the key to ISOversight’s effectiveness is the consultive and advisory piece provided by the ISOversight lead consultant. Our consultants are all information security subject matter experts, with decades of experience. We know what tasks need to be completed, with what frequency, and by what groups or individuals. We hold regular touchpoint meetings with the ISO, and often the network administrator and other third-party consultants, to ensure institutions stay on track. After each touchpoint, we also provide a comprehensive point-in-time summary report on the current status of their information security processes that the ISO can then present to the steering committee and the Board.

In addition, our consultants will often engage with clients as they prepare for and respond to an audit or exam, but it’s not unusual for us to consult directly with the auditor and examiner during the engagement. We encourage this, as it helps ensure the FI is providing auditors and examiners with exactly what they are requesting (no more and no less), which avoids unnecessary confusion, possible issue escalation, and over (or under) commitment by management. In addition to the advisory piece, the ISOversight apps keep things organized, making it easier for customers to manage their policies and procedures and all the associated documentation, and provide customizable email alerts when tasks come due.

To date, we have found that ISOversight has proven to be a great fit for many institutions and for many different reasons. For example, it is extremely helpful in situations where the IT administrator or ISO has recently left or has transitioned to a new role. Another good application for the virtual ISO role is when the size and complexity of the institution make the day-to-day information security responsibilities too burdensome, or when the institution just wants to free the existing admin or ISO from the uncertainty of the rapidly evolving regulatory landscape.

Whether it’s third-party risk management, business continuity management, cybersecurity, or strategic planning, guidance is clear that ISO’s have very specific responsibilities and should be held accountable for their completion. ISOversight assures all tasks the ISO is responsible for are addressed in a timely manner, that all current regulatory guidelines and best practices are met, and just as importantly that on-demand, stakeholder-specific documentation is available to confirm all related activities. Ultimately, selecting the right virtual model and the right vendor can often translate into “cleaner” audits and exams, resulting in a less stressful, more productive staff, a more compliant and more secure environment, and a better-informed management team.

To learn more about this topic, listen to our webinar on “The Virtual ISO: Best Practices for Maximum Effectiveness.”

11 May 2023
The Importance of Effective Third-party Management

The Importance of Effective Third-party Management

The Importance of Effective Third-party Management

As financial institutions increasingly rely on outsourced providers, third-party management is becoming a more critical aspect of managing risk. Institutions depend on third-party providers for a variety of essential services, including technology, operations, and marketing. And while these entities offer significant benefits, such as cost savings and improved efficiency, they also pose a substantial risk. We often refer to this as “inherited” risk, as institutions will inherit the residual risk of the third party. If not properly identified, measured, and addressed, inherited risk can expose financial institutions to threats such as regulatory non-compliance, operational downtime, and reputational damage. However, institutions can successfully mitigate many of these risks by ensuring that they thoroughly vet outside providers prior to engagement, properly structure contracts, and employ ongoing monitoring and reporting.

Key Elements

The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) has issued guidelines for managing vendor relationships effectively. These standards emphasize the importance of several key elements, including:

  • Due diligence: Financial institutions must evaluate vendors’ financial stability, reputation, and regulatory compliance prior to engagement. This includes assessing vendors’ security controls, data protection policies, and disaster recovery plans.
  • Contract management: Vendor agreements should clearly outline the scope of work, deliverables, and performance metrics. They should also include provisions for termination, dispute resolution, data disposal, and indemnification.
  • Ongoing monitoring: Financial institutions must regularly monitor their third parties to ensure that they continue to meet contractual obligations and regulatory requirements. This includes periodic risk assessments, reviewing vendor reports, and could even include conducting on-site visits.
  • Risk assessment: Institutions should assess the level of risk associated with each vendor relationship based on the services provided, the vendor’s access to sensitive data, and the potential impact of vendor failure. Doing so can help financial institutions allocate resources more effectively to minimize potential risks.
  • Board and management oversight: Third-party management should be an ongoing topic of discussion at the board and management levels. This includes not only approving policies and procedures, but also reviewing risk assessments and monitoring reports, and making decisions about initiatives that require new vendor relationships.

Common Misconception

Risk management requires first identifying the risk’s source before it can be measured and mitigated. To accomplish this, it’s important to separate the risks of the underlying initiative from the risks of the third party that supports the initiative. With the possible exception of reputation risk, most of the risks surrounding the evaluation and implementation of a new initiative are associated with the initiative itself, not the third party. Simply put, if the strategic, operational, and regulatory risks would be present in the initiative regardless of the third party selected, it does not belong to the third party, it belongs to the initiative or project. We’ve found this to be a fairly common misconception, even among auditors and examiners.

Effective Solutions

Once the risk source is confirmed as associated with the third party as opposed to the initiative, institutions must create a protocol for what risks to assess and how to assess them (the inherent risk), what specific controls to implement, and the effectiveness of those controls assuming they will be correctly implemented and operate effectively (the residual risk). This is where an app can significantly help standardize and streamline the process. An automated third-party risk management program will identify and assign specific controls according to the specific risks and risk levels identified.

With the increased focus on third-party risk management, more banks and credit unions are finding that auditors and examiners expect institutions to not just identify appropriate controls, but to actually request, receive, and review them. Particularly key control documents, such as contracts, financials, and audit reports, such as System and Organization Controls (SOC) reports. However, knowing what to look for (and where to look) in these documents can be challenging. Partnering with a third-party service to assist you can provide a second set of eyes and additional expertise to ensure that these documents are supplying the necessary controls.

Other key features to look for in an effective third-party risk management program include the ability to assign one or more vendor managers, email reminders when tasks are due or overdue, automatic Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) checks, the ability to easily identify and track complementary user entity controls (CUECs), the ability to store key vendor documentation and notes. Also, a robust on-demand reporting feature is important to be able to provide stakeholders with timely, accurate updates on the status of your third-party risk management program.

By associating with the right partner, financial institutions can develop a strong third-party risk management program that aligns with guidance, keeps data private and secure, and minimizes the impact of third-party cyber threats. Safe Systems, for example, offers a wide range of vendor management solutions to help institutions ensure regulatory compliance.

20 Apr 2023
Best Practices for a Successful ISO Transition

Best Practices for a Successful ISO Transition

Best Practices for a Successful ISO Transition

It can be challenging for financial institutions to lose an information security officer (ISO)—particularly for smaller community banks and credit unions. Since ISOs have broad responsibilities relating to data security and other vital areas1, they play a critical role within the organization. Therefore, institutions must have a well-defined plan in place to keep an ISO’s transition or departure from adversely affecting their security posture.

There are many reasons an ISO may leave—retirement, a transfer to another role within or outside of the organization, or perhaps an unanticipated health issue. Whichever the circumstance, the reason for departure can significantly impact the transition process. For instance, if the position was vacated due to a planned retirement or staff reorganization, there can be a smooth transfer of duties between the outgoing and incoming ISOs. However, a sudden job change can result in a more complicated process.

There are two main facets of the ISO’s role that are critical to focus on during a transition: access to data and applications, and the continuity of the processes and responsibilities that the position encompasses.

1) Ensuring that access to data and applications is properly revoked, modified, and/or reallocated during an ISO transition is very similar to what happens when an IT Administrator leaves a financial institution. Although the IT and ISO roles (and their respective data access requirements) are different, the steps outlined in this article can help ensure information is protected when either role departs.

2) Some of the key areas of responsibility that must continue during an ISO transition include:

  • Infosec compliance, including regulatory guidance, written policies, written procedures, and documented practices
  • Oversight and coordination of data security efforts, including protecting the privacy and security of sensitive information belonging to the institution and its customers and members
  • Business continuity management and incident response programs, including exercises and tests
  • Third-party risk management (TPRM)
  • Cybersecurity assessments, gap analysis, action plans, and
  • Lead for steering committee meetings
  • Information security program status updates to the board of directors
  • IT audit and exam preparation, participation, and response

Planning Ahead

There are a number of strategies institutions can proactively implement to make an ISO’s job transition as successful as possible. A primary step to take is succession planning. This should be considered whether or not an ISO departure is anticipated. Regulators expect institutions to have a formal succession plan for all key leadership positions, and few roles are more critical than the ISO, as failing to maintain infosec continuity can leave an institution exposed and potentially more vulnerable to security issues.

Succession planning is often more problematic for smaller community banking institutions where employees typically wear multiple hats. Regulatory guidance requires that the ISO exist as a separate role within the institution. And while it is easy to designate an ISO successor on paper, an institution with limited staff may not have an employee with the appropriate knowledge, experience, and availability ready to step into the role. In addition, because of the potentially smaller talent pool in the geographic areas that community institutions serve, our experience is that smaller institutions often have difficulty finding good candidates.

However, if a solid succession plan is in place that includes both internal and external resources, the incoming ISO should at least have access to adequate experience and subject matter expertise to seamlessly step into the new role with minimal disruption. In a situation where there is seamless continuity, at least one of the following usually applies:

  1. The employee replacing the ISO has been given sufficient prior notice and preparation, including cross-training and job shadowing.
  2. Ideally, the incoming ISO has gained previous experience at a financial institution of similar size and complexity, or at minimum, managed information security in a regulated environment.
  3. The institution has partnered (or can partner) with a third-party provider to augment the role with a virtual ISO (vISO) solution.

Getting Help to Ensure a Seamless Transition

To be clear, transitioning between ISOs can be challenging whether the institution grooms an internal successor, hires a seasoned outsider, or partners with a third party (or a combination of the three). In all cases, there will be some type of learning curve. Either a promoted employee will need time to build proficiency in the position, or a hired replacement (individual or third-party provider) will need time to get familiar with the institution. Inevitably, the probability of security gaps will increase during this transition period, and IT auditors and examiners know this too. For this reason, employing a third-party provider is often an effective way to maintain infosec continuity during a transition, and ensure that all IT and information security tasks and related activities are completed on time and properly reported to the various stakeholders.

The bottom line: ISO transitions are inherently challenging—and seamless continuation is critical as they directly impact a financial institution’s audit and exam success as well as overall security posture. Whether the job change is planned or unexpected, institutions can apply effective succession planning to minimize the disruption. They can also address any deficiencies in their own internal knowledge and expertise by partnering with a third-party provider like Safe Systems. As an example, a bank in South Carolina used Safe Systems’ Virtual ISO service, ISOversight, to support succession planning for its retiring ISO. This resulted in multiple benefits, including an interrupted security posture, improved business continuity management, third-party management, and strategic planning.

1ISO responsibilities may consist of strategic planning, quality assurance, project management, InfoSec risk assessments, infrastructure and architecture security, end-user computing, and regulatory and legal compliance

05 Apr 2023
Evolution of Third-party Management

Evolution of Third-party Management

Evolution of Third-party Management

Pending interagency guidance on the management of third-party relationships will significantly alter how financial institutions (FIs) handle risks related to external service providers. The new guidelines will increase the complexity and responsibility of third-party management for banking organizations in the near future. These standards will apply to all financial institutions—including community banks—with third-party relationships.1

The updated guidance—proposed jointly by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Board), Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)—will consolidate2 the agencies’ separate rules into a single common guideline built around the OCC Bulletin 2013-29. The proposed guidance states that “the new framework is based on sound risk management principles for banking organizations to consider in developing risk management practices for all stages in the life cycle of third-party relationships.”

Increased Regulatory Expectations

FIs s need to consider the key implications of increased regulatory scrutiny in this area, particularly where they expand on current expectations. For instance, regulators will expect them to do more due diligence on the pre-engagement side, which affects the initial selection and contract negotiation process. Institutions will also be held more accountable for understanding and predefining the termination process for outside service providers. This includes considering who owns data, how the data is returned, and how it is disposed of after the relationship with the provider ends.

From a regulatory perspective, third parties represent the biggest single source of noncontrollable risk to a bank or credit union. To a considerable extent, examiners will draw comparisons to overall enterprise risk management maturity from an institution’s third-party risk management program. In their words; “A banking organization’s failure to have an effective third-party risk management process that is commensurate with the level of risk, the complexity of third-party relationships, and the organizational structure of the banking organization may be an unsafe or unsound practice.” In addition, they will expect to see sufficient oversight at all levels, from the board to senior management, and ultimately the employees directly overseeing the individual relationships.

Vendor vs. Third Party

It is also critical for FIs to be aware of—and adjust for—the difference between the terms “vendor” and “third party.” While banks have historically used these words interchangeably, it is now clear that institutions will have to remove the term “vendor” from their vocabulary and substitute “third-party” in its place. The proposed guidance uses the term “vendor” only 4 times, while the term “third-party” is used 262 times!

The reason for the change is more than just semantic, it represents a significant shift in how a third party is defined. A third party can be any entity with which the institution has a business relationship, and neither a written contract nor monetary exchange is necessary to establish a business arrangement. A business relationship can include more obvious arrangements such as referral agreements and professional services providers like law and audit firms, but also less obvious companies such as maintenance, catering, and custodial service companies. Business arrangements have greatly expanded and become more varied and, in some cases, far more complex. FI’s should be prepared to expand the scope of their third-party risk management (TPRM) program.

Expansion of Third-Party Risk Assessment

Financial institutions will also need to expand third-party risk management beyond the scope of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GBLA) to comply with the new guidance. They should broaden their focus beyond non-public information (NPI) to include anything that may not be directly related to customer information, but still needs to remain confidential. This can include strategic plans, unaudited financial statements, HR and shareholder records, and committee meeting minutes. Regardless of the type of information, regulators will expect institutions to manage their risk by accurately assessing all third-party exposure to the storage, transmittal, and processing of information.

While institutions cannot directly control third-party risks, they will need to request and review certain documents—especially from critical parties. A few key third-party documents that institutions should examine prior to engagement3 include contracts, audit reports4, and financials. Depending on criticality, FIs may also need to maintain a list of potential alternate providers in case their primary provider fails or cannot complete the terms of their contract. Finally, institution management should be fully aware of any gaps or limitations in third-party contracts, so they can manage any increased residual risk effectively.

Another area likely to draw increased scrutiny is Complementary User-entity Controls (CUECs), included in the SOC report. These are the controls third parties require for you to utilize their products or service. The best practice strongly suggests you document these CUECs and adhere to them.

Financial institutions that may lack the internal time and/or expertise to review third-party contracts, financials, and SOC reports, can consider adding a solution like Safe Systems’ Vendor Management Document Review. The service enhances the control review process and makes it easier for institutions to meet the increased regulatory expectations for managing third parties. Read more about this topic by accessing our “Evolution of Third Party Management” webinar.

1 As of this date the NCUA has not indicated that they will be a signatory on this new guidance.

2 The Board’s 2013 guidance, the FDIC’s 2008 guidance, the OCC’s 2013 guidance and its 2020 FAQs.

3 Certain documents such as SOC reports may only be made available after a contract is in place.

4 Depending on the trust criteria selected, audit reports like the AICPA System and Organization Controls (SOC) 1 and SOC 2 should also include an auditor opinion on the information security and business continuity controls in place at the third party.

06 Mar 2023
MFA - Why You Can’t Set It and Forget It

MFA—Why You Can’t Set It and Forget It

MFA - Why You Can’t Set It and Forget It

Multifactor authentication (MFA) is not a static, set-it-and-forget-it process. Financial institutions must constantly monitor—and make necessary adjustments—to ensure effectiveness so that only authorized users are accessing their network, data, and services.

MFA Methods and Risk

Some of the most common MFA methods, particularly with Microsoft Azure are:

  • FIDO2 security key
  • Microsoft Authenticator app
  • Windows Hello for Business
  • OATH hardware/software tokens
  • Short messaging service (SMS)
  • Voice calls

FIDO2—the latest and greatest MFA—enables easy and secure authentication. It takes passwords out of the equation and instead uses public key cryptography for authentication to enhance security. The Microsoft Authenticator app is also capable of passwordless authentication in Azure, which is making it an increasingly popular option. This modern multi-factor authentication method can act as a FIDO2 key, send push notifications, and support user awareness by providing location and client data within the app.

Windows Hello for Business is another form of advanced authentication that is also capable of passwordless authentication. However, institutions should be careful when implementing this approach to MFA because it can entail unique stipulations.

Two of the riskiest types of authentication are MFA facilitated by either SMS or voice calls. SMS-enabled MFA, which combines the use of a text message and code, is one of the most frequently used methods of authentication. However, since text messages are not encrypted, they are vulnerable to telecom tower relaying interference. Because of this vulnerability and its wide adoption, SMS is a major target of attackers. Voice calling, which uses telecom services to call with the code, is another risky form of MFA because it is possible that someone else could intercept the phone call.

For any TOTP-based method of MFA, there is an inherent risk of users giving away the codes. This can be accomplished via clever phishing techniques or malicious applications on mobile devices.

Combining MFA with Other Defensive Layers

Today’s sophisticated cyberattacks often attempt to exploit weaknesses that are present in the MFA workflow. Unlike traditional attacks that sought to bypass basic authentication protocols, newer schemes tend to follow normal MFA workflows to exploit human behavior. Attackers are also using other creative strategies to effectively circumvent MFA requirements. For example, they may hijack an already MFA-authenticated session to gain unauthorized access.

To evade cyberattacks, institutions must go beyond taking a relaxed, set-it-and-forget-it stance for MFA. They must enhance MFA by adopting newer more modern methods for their users. They must also be cognizant of attacks that can effectively bypass MFA, as we have seen with MFA-resistant phishing scams. To compensate for these newer styles of attacks, institutions should seek to implement multiple layers of security. In Azure, this will mean the adoption of Conditional Access Policies (CAPs). Stacking multiple CAPs targeting various combinations of MFA, apps, clients, locations, compliance status, and device types is the best way to improve an organization’s security posture. For more information about this important topic, watch our webinar on “MFA–Why You Can’t Set It and Forget It.”

23 Feb 2023
Mitigating Sophisticated, MFA-Resistant Phishing Scams

Mitigating Sophisticated, MFA-Resistant Phishing Scams

Mitigating Sophisticated, MFA-Resistant Phishing Scams

Phishing attacks are becoming more complex—and successful—making them more problematic for companies to combat. As a prime example, a recent phishing scam has been circumventing multifactor authentication (MFA) to successfully breach multiple companies. The attacks, which seem to be targeting banks and credit unions, are a stark reminder of the constant cyber threats that financial institutions face and the importance of following effective risk mitigation tactics.

The recent email scam is a sophisticated scheme; it exploits weaknesses in MFA and essentially bypasses them to launch an attack. The attackers deploy deceptive emails to obtain employees’ Microsoft 365 (M365) usernames, passwords, and MFA codes, and then they use this information to try to wire money outside the institution. Not only are these assaults breaching the initial targets, but they are also using the victims to infiltrate other companies.

The phishing scheme can be particularly detrimental to institutions that are not employing Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) Conditional Access Policies to bolster their security in Azure. Since Azure AD manages login credentials for users allowing them to access multiple M365 services and internal accounts from anywhere online, it is critical to apply access controls that provide another layer of protection beyond MFA.

Addressing Phishing Threats

There are various steps banks and credit unions can take to address MFA-resistant phishing attacks. Since humans are the weakest link in cybersecurity, institutions should ensure their employees are immediately informed about this particular phishing attack. They should also train employees regularly to recognize phishing emails so they can avoid being deceived. The key: Make sure employees know not to input their username and password in any link they receive by email.

Although this specific threat has the potential to exploit weaknesses in MFA, financial institutions should still implement this authentication method as it remains one of the most effective at blocking account compromises. As previously mentioned, it is also important to increase protection against attacks by adding Azure Conditional Access Policies to the Azure environment. Another preemptive step is to employ a monitoring and reporting solution for the Azure tenant. Often once a system is breached, attackers go into the tenant and create new rules to cover their tracks. Visibility into security settings through proactive reporting and alerts can make it easier for institutions to detect any suspicious activity or changes with logins and email rules, helping them stay on top of potential threats.

How Safe Systems Can Help

It can be challenging for many institutions to effectively manage their access and security settings in Azure AD and M365. However, Safe Systems offers CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics to make the task easier. The CloudInsight™ collection of products offers a variety of reports and alerts that are specially designed to help institutions enhance their awareness of the Cloud. M365 Security Basics provides visibility into security settings for Azure AD and M365 tenants to help institutions detect targeted phishing or SPAM attacks. It can also expose other common risks like compromised user accounts, unknown users and forwarders; unapproved email access; and the unknown use of sharing tools. With M365 Security Basics, community banks, and credit unions can receive the expert insights they need to minimize, limit, or stop sophisticated phishing attacks.

07 Feb 2023
Highlights from our Annual Look Back at Regulatory Updates

Highlights from our Annual Look Back at Regulatory Updates

Highlights from our Annual Look Back at Regulatory Updates

As 2023 continues to unfold, there are some important regulatory compliance tips, tricks, and trends that financial institutions should review from last year and consider in the future.

Looking Back

Two key issues to revisit from 2022 are the new Computer-Incident Notification Rule and updates to the 2018 Cybersecurity Resource Guide for Financial Institutions. The incident notification rule—approved in 2021 by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Federal Reserve System, and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), went into full effect in April 2022. Under the rule, banking organizations must promptly notify their primary federal regulator of certain computer security incidents that rise to the level of a notification incident within 36 hours. Anything that could materially disrupt or degrade your critical operations could be classified as a notification incident. Most institutions should have already adjusted the policies and procedures of their incident response plan to comply with the new notification requirements. If they haven’t, they should do so immediately because this will undoubtedly be an issue in the next examination cycle.

The rule also obligates third parties to report certain events that occur, so financial institutions should cover this issue with new vendors and those renewing contracts. Institutions should ensure that all contracts specify under what conditions third parties must inform them of any incident. Contracts should also identify at least one contact person to notify within the institution if an event occurs.

Late last year, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) updated its Cybersecurity Resource Guide, which is designed to help financial institutions meet their security control objectives and prepare to respond to cyber incidents. The revised guide features updated references and a list of ransomware-specific resources, which is well warranted given the increasing frequency and complexity of ransomware incidents. The guide now includes eight different cybersecurity assessment tools that institutions may use, along with the “gold-standard” Cybersecurity Assessment Tool (CAT) to combat the evolving threat of ransomware.

Looking Ahead

This year, ransomware will continue to be one of the key areas of focus for financial institutions—as well as auditors and examiners. Institutions should also start thinking of using the term “third-party risk management” instead of “vendor management” to match an impending shift in interagency guidance. The new terminology is more than just semantic, it represents a shift in how the agencies define anyone with whom you interact; including those with or without a contract, and with or without the exchange of compensation. Regulators will be releasing new guidance relating to the issue of third-party relationships and risk management. The stronger emphasis on third-party risk management is significant because it implies a broader and deeper scope of responsibility for institutions in terms of their engagement and oversight processes.

In addition, the guidance will likely propose a six-part, third-party risk management process. The process, for instance, will cover key areas like early planning, selection due diligence, and contract negotiation. It would be wise for institutions to begin contemplating these new expectations and how they will navigate the different aspects of third-party risk management in the future.

Anticipated Trends

There are also some potential trends that financial institutions should be aware of going forward. Based on their actual recommendations or observations, auditors and examiners expect institutions to:

  • Identify tolerances for processing and data recovery times for ransomware events—separately from the standard recovery times (RTOs) established in the business impact analysis.
  • Have a list of forensic experts available to call if they require assistance with cyber events. (Your cyber insurance provider may require you to utilize their associates, so it’s best to check.)
  • Formalize vendor information and ensure their management team is periodically updated about third-party risk management practices.
  • Have project management policies that address steps to request and approve new applications, including licensing, contracts, business justification, integration, and risk assessments.
  • Make provisions for succession planning for IT, which is a key component in the risk management program. (If necessary, smaller institutions might consider outsourcing the IT role to ensure an appropriate succession plan is in place.)

Read more about this topic by accessing our webinar on “Regulatory Tips, Tricks, and Trends—Looking Back and Ahead.” Or contact us for more information about how our compliance services are specially designed to help community banks and credit unions meet their regulatory requirements.

27 Jan 2023
What to Look for in a New Firewall Vendor

What to Look for in a New Firewall Vendor

What to Look for in a New Firewall Vendor

If your bank or credit union needs a firewall vendor, it’s important to know what to look for to meet your security and regulatory requirements. Maybe you are proactively searching for a new firewall provider or suddenly discovered that you need to replace your current one. Whatever the case, you should search for a firewall vendor that specializes in the financial industry. This will ensure your financial institution has access to expertise and insights that are more specific to banking regulations.

In addition, you should look for a vendor that can serve as a “one-stop-shop” that covers all the security angles. The company should provide an all-inclusive solution that encompasses firewall monitoring, and management as well as intrusion detection and prevention. It’s also important to find a firewall vendor that offers concise and digestible reporting, along with meaningful insights created specifically for the banking community.

It is also equally important to search for a firewall vendor that can meet your institution’s implementation time frame. Ideally, you should plan five to six months out for a firewall implementation to compensate for hardware lead times; however, this may not always be possible. For example, your institution may have encountered an unexpected problem with renewal and need to quickly pivot to another firewall vendor. In this case, you will need to look for a vendor that is capable of deploying a firewall within a tight timeline.

As a precautionary measure, financial institutions must stay on top of contract management. Institutions should have a good relationship with their vendors and review contracts well before they are scheduled to renew. They should closely examine the contract terms and ask questions to ensure they are aware of any upcoming revisions or new developments. This can help them avoid getting caught off guard by any last-minute contractual issues that may disrupt their operation.

So how can banks and credit unions find a prospective firewall vendor? They can consult peers in the banking industry and inquire if their current service providers also offer firewalls. Ultimately, financial institutions should make sure their selected vendor has the appropriate security layers and reporting needed to check all the boxes from an examiner’s perspective. Safe Systems’ Managed Perimeter Defense (MPD), for example, employs multiple layers of advanced tools to help financial institutions protect their IT security environment. MPD’s next-generation firewall capabilities provide deeper analysis and improved detection of modern threats, which makes it easier for institutions to enhance their security posture.

12 Jan 2023
Top Blogs of 2022

Top Blogs of 2022

Top Blogs of 2022

Last year, we covered a wide range of blog topics, including ransomware prevention and recovery; business continuity management and disaster recovery; and managing Microsoft Azure and Microsoft 365 settings. In case you missed them, here’s a synopsis of our top blogs of 2022. Reviewing these important issues can help your bank or credit union be better prepared for the challenges—and opportunities—that lie ahead in 2023:

1. Best Practices for Ransomware Prevention and Recovery

Ransomware attacks strike a new target every 14 seconds, disrupting operations, stealing information, and exploiting businesses, according to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). However, financial institutions that consistently employ best practices can prevent or bounce back from a ransomware assault. As an optimal strategy for prevention, institutions should identify and address known security gaps that can allow a ransomware infection. Since human error is the primary reason for most security breaches, banks and credit unions should focus on providing ransomware awareness training to help employees identify, respond to, and minimize attacks. They can also limit cybersecurity risk by using intelligent network design and segmentation to restrict ransomware intrusions to only a portion of the network and by having overlapping security solutions to provide layered protection. If a ransomware incident does occur, financial institutions should have pre-defined procedures for response and recovery. Many smaller institutions may lack the expertise internally to implement ongoing best practices for ransomware prevention and recovery, but they can work with an external cybersecurity expert to augment their resources. Read more.

2. Your Guide to Business Continuity Management and Disaster Recovery Planning

It can be challenging for financial institutions to implement successful strategies for business continuity management (BCM) and disaster recovery (DR). But our compilation of key strategies and best practices can facilitate the process. BCM encompasses all aspects of incorporating resilience, incident response, crisis management, vendor management, disaster recovery, and business process continuity, and it is an essential requirement for avoiding and recovering from potential threats. DR—the process of restoring IT infrastructure, data, and third-party systems—should address a variety of events that could negatively impact operations, including natural disasters, cyberattacks, technology failures, and even the unavailability of personnel. For successful disaster recovery, institutions should focus on four important “Rs”: recovery time objective (RTO), recovery point objective (RPO), replication, and recurring testing. In addition, leveraging a comprehensive cloud DR service can enhance redundancy, reliability, uptime, speed, and value. Using a cloud DR solution from an external service provider can give institutions the confidence of knowing their DR plan is being thoroughly tested and will work if a real disaster happens. Read more.

3. Managing Security, Identity, and Compliance within the Microsoft Azure and M365 Ecosystem

Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and Microsoft 365 have a distinct ecosystem. Understanding their services and settings is critical for IT administrators to manage security, identity, and compliance within their environment. Institutions can significantly bolster security by implementing some of the basic security settings under the free license level for Azure AD. Adjusting the security default setting, for example, can have a major impact. IT administrators can enable security defaults to enforce non-configurable conditional access policies as well as require multifactor authentication (MFA) registration for all users. IT admins should also review the identity architecture for their institution to ensure all users, devices, and apps connecting to Azure have an identity. Depending on their license level, institutions may be able to modify additional settings, such as allowing global auditing, blocking open collaboration, and restricting outbound email forwarding. Microsoft is constantly revising the features of Azure AD and M365, making it vital for financial institutions to stay on top of their ever-changing ecosystem. Read more to learn how to manage the complexities of customizing your Azure AD and M365 security settings.

Read about other important topics on cybersecurity, compliance, and technology. Subscribe now to the Safe Systems blog to have the latest updates on banking trends and regulatory guidance conveniently delivered to your inbox.

07 Dec 2022
Your Guide to Business Continuity Management and Disaster Recovery Planning

Your Guide to Business Continuity Management and Disaster Recovery Planning

Your Guide to Business Continuity Management and Disaster Recovery Planning

Your Guide to Business Continuity Management and Disaster Recovery Planning



Businesses today encounter an ever-increasing volume of operational threats, so it’s critical for banks and credit unions to have adequate business continuity and disaster recovery (DR) procedures in place. Business continuity management (BCM) entails all aspects of incorporating resilience, incident response, crisis management, vendor management, disaster recovery, and business process continuity—and it can enable an institution to keep operating if a disruption such as a cyberattack, natural disaster, or man-made event occurs.

We understand that BCM and DR planning can be challenging, so this guide provides some key strategies and best practices to help financial institutions execute them successfully.

BCP vs. DR: Key Differences


It is first important to understand the key differences between a business continuity plan (BCP) and a disaster recovery plan as these two terms are often mistakenly used interchangeably. The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) updated its Business Continuity Management IT Examination Handbook a few years ago to expand its focus from “business continuity planning” to “business continuity management.” The BCM process is one in which a financial institution must proactively plan for resiliency to disruptive events and recover from those events. The traditional business continuity plan is now a subset of the overall BCM process and will be referred to as business continuity management plan (BCMP) going forward. The BCMP outlines what needs to happen to ensure that key products and services continue to be delivered in case of a disaster. On the other hand, the DR plan outlines the specific steps to be taken to recover the interdependencies the institution must restore to return to normal operations after a disaster. The BCMP focuses on the continuation of critical functions, while the DR plan focuses on the restoration and recovery of the specific individual technology and third-party components necessary for those functions.

BCMP: A plan to continue the business operations necessary to ensure key products and services are delivered

DR: A plan for accessing required technology, infrastructure, and third-party components after a disaster

In the previous guidance, business continuity and disaster recovery were closely tied together, but the new guidance defines them as two separate concepts and states that “The business strategy, not technology solutions, should drive resilience.” It places a heavy focus on resilience and states that financial institutions cannot rely on technology alone to ensure resilience. Although technology can help provide resilience and offer significant advantages to your recovery capabilities, indeed in many cases technology could be what failed in the first place. Financial institutions must be able to offer products and services to their customers or members regardless of technology or third-party failure, and often that could mean using manual processes and procedures to accomplish this.

Finally, the latest BCMP guidance provided an important distinction between a “test” and an “exercise.” Simply put, a test focuses on demonstrating the resilience and recovery capabilities of your systems, and an exercise addresses the people, processes, and procedures. For example, where a test may focus on backup and recovery options of systems, data restoration, device replication and rebuild or replacement, an exercise would verify that your staff (and ideally third parties) are aware of and could execute those options effectively. Both exercises and tests are now a requirement, and together they provide a high degree of confidence that your recovery procedures will allow you to meet your pre-determined process for recovery time objectives (RTOs).

Business Continuity Management Planning


Business continuity management is an essential system for preventing and recovering from potential threats. As a part of the business continuity process, a compliant and successful BCMP should include risk management (business impact analysis and risk/threat assessment); continuity strategies (interdependency resilience, continuity, and recovery); training and testing (exercises); maintenance and improvement; and board reporting.

What CEOs Should Know about BCMP


To adhere to regulatory guidance, it is imperative for institutions to not only comprehend the entire business continuity management program but also employ a broad process-oriented approach that considers technology, business operations, testing, and communication strategies that are necessary for the entire organization—not just the information technology department.

Management should develop BCMPs with sufficient detail appropriate to the institution’s size and complexity. According to FFIEC guidance, “The BCMP should address key business needs and incorporate inputs from all business units.” The institution’s business continuity management program should align with its strategic goals and objectives. In addition, management should consider the entity’s role within and impact on the overall financial services sector when developing the program.

Key Steps to Developing a Compliant BCMP


BCM 10 Steps

To develop a successful, compliant BCMP, it is important to understand and follow the recent, more detailed view of the BCM lifecycle in the FFIEC Business Continuity Management IT Examination Handbook. This approach is a bit more complicated than the process has been in the past and may require more time for plan preparation and annual maintenance. Here is a checklist consisting of the required elements of the new approach that may not be incorporated into your current program:

  1. Have you conducted a formal business process-based Business Impact Analysis (BIA) that identifies all critical interdependencies?
  2. Does the BIA produce sufficient information to establish the following?
    • Recovery point objectives (RPO)
    • Recovery time objectives (RTOs) for each business process (prioritized)
    • Maximum tolerable (or allowable) downtime (MTD/MAD)
  3. Does your risk/threat assessment measure both the impact and the probability (likelihood) of potential disruptive threats, including worst-case (low probability, high impact) scenarios?
  4. Do you use testing as employee training exercises to verify that personnel is knowledgeable of recovery priorities and procedures?
  5. Do you track and resolve all issues identified during testing exercises and use lessons learned to enhance your program? (Must be documented.)
  6. Does your board report include a written presentation providing the BIA, risk assessment, and exercise and test results, including any identified issues?

Tactics for Staying Ahead of Regulators


Although there are several tips, tricks, and tactics to enhance compliance, one of the main tactics financial institutions can apply to stay ahead of regulators is to focus on resilience. Resilience includes the ability to anticipate, prepare for, prevent, and adapt to changing conditions, and to respond to, withstand, and recover rapidly from deliberate attacks, accidents, or naturally occurring threats or incidents. Management should incorporate the concept of resilience into all areas, including their business continuity management process, vendor management program, third-party supply chain management, and information security program. The objective is to implement processes to minimize the possibility of disruption and reduce the impact of such an event if it happens.

Inconsistencies between procedures and practices will often result in exam findings. Mentioning outdated references or older terminology in policies is one of the most common offenses that institutions commit. For instance, referencing business continuity plan or planning (BCP) versus business continuity management plan or planning (BCMP). This would be a minor mistake because the term BCP is not necessarily obsolete, but it’s not consistent with the most recent guidance and could raise a “red flag” that leads examiners to wonder if the institution has properly updated its policies, resulting in further scrutiny. A tactic that financial institutions can use to minimize outdated references and other inconsistencies between procedures and practices is to implement automation. Technology can make it easier for institutions by providing regular updates to accommodate changing regulations and trends as well as make it more feasible for them to identify inconsistencies between their policies and procedures.

Disaster Recovery Planning


Disaster recovery—the process of restoring IT infrastructure, data, and third-party systems—should address a broad range of adverse events such as natural disasters, infrastructure failures, technology failures, unavailability of staff, or even cyberattacks. As part of the disaster recovery strategy, management should identify key business processes and activities to be maintained while IT systems and applications are unavailable and prioritize the order in which these systems are restored, which should be reflected in the business impact analysis. The FFIEC’s Business Continuity Management IT Examination Handbook states:

“Management should develop a coordinated strategy for the recovery of data centers, networks, servers, storage, service monitoring, user support, and related software… Disaster recovery should address guidelines for returning operations to a normalized state with minimum disruption.”

What CEOs Should Know about DR


Here are some important DR considerations for CEOs to consider to ensure their institution is taking an effective approach to disaster recovery:

  • Expect the Unexpected: A disaster can strike anytime and in a myriad of ways. Most people think of a disaster as being a situation created by an unexpected weather event, power outage, equipment failure, or cyberattack, but network downtime due to human error is also a common cause of disruption. The need for disaster recovery is a matter of when—not if. Therefore, CEOs should expect some type of disaster to affect their institution.
  • Be Proactive: Not having a sufficient disaster recovery plan in place can have major negative consequences: a loss of data, business functions, clients, and reputation—not to mention time and money. So, bank CEOs must ensure their management team is being preemptive about implementing effective disaster recovery strategies. These strategies should be reflected in the BIA, which can reveal gaps in critical processes that would hinder the institution’s disaster recovery and, in turn, business continuity.
  • Consider Outsourcing: More than one-third of small and medium-sized businesses do not have a plan in place for responding to data breaches and cyberattacks, according to the Ponemon Institute’s 2019 Global State of Cybersecurity in Small and Medium-Sized Businesses report. However, bank management can leverage external resources to expand their institution’s disaster recovery capabilities. Outside vendors can provide new technologies that reduce risk and enhance data backup, storage, and recovery. They offer a variety of cloud-based solutions that can make the DR process more streamlined, efficient, and cost-effective.

The 4Rs of DR Planning


For effective disaster recovery, there are four important “R’s” that institutions should focus on:

  1. Recovery time objective (RTO) – The longest acceptable length of time that a computer, system, network, or application can be down after a disaster happens. Shorter RTOs require more resources and ongoing expenses. When setting RTOs, prioritizations must be made based on the significance of the business function and budgetary constraints.
  2. Recovery point objective (RPO) – The amount of time between a disaster occurring and a financial institution’s most recent backup. If too long, and too much data is allowed to be lost, it could result in substantial damage. Essentially, the RPO will be determined by the institution’s technology solution and risk tolerance.
  3. Replication – An exact copy of an institution’s data to be available and remotely accessible when an adverse event happens. The best practice is to have one backup onsite and another offsite in a different geographic region—somewhere that is not likely to be affected by the same disaster.
  4. Recurring testing – A variety of tests and exercises to verify the ability to quickly resume core business applications during a disaster situation. Thorough testing of a financial institution’s core applications should be done annually — while they are functioning normally — to generate the most meaningful feedback.

Why a Cloud DR Service Is Important


Institutions must have viable DR measures in place, and a comprehensive, cloud-based service is a cost-effective way to accomplish this. With DR in the cloud, institutions are always able to access their data—no matter what type of disaster happens. In addition, a cloud DR service offers a team of third-party experts who are available to advise on DR processes, ensure ongoing backups and regular testing are done in the correct timeframes, and serve as an extension of the staff when a disaster strikes.

A comprehensive cloud DR service offers substantial redundancy, reliability, uptime, speed, and value. In addition, a cloud DR solution from an outside service provider can give institutions peace of mind from knowing their DR plan is being adequately tested and will work during a real disaster.

Our Solutions


Safe Systems offers a wide range of comprehensive services to help community banks and credit unions support their BCM and DR planning and other efforts. Whether it’s compliance services, such as BCP Blueprint, Vendor Management, or Information Security Program, or technology services, such as Managed Site Recovery, Managed Cloud Services, or CloudInsight, institutions can customize solutions to meet their specific needs and budget.

30 Nov 2022
Microsoft Azure Maintenance Basics

Microsoft Azure Maintenance Basics

Microsoft Azure Maintenance Basics

Financial institutions need to stay on top of Microsoft Azure maintenance to efficiently use Microsoft cloud services and have effective controls across identity and access. Azure maintenance is also a matter of regulatory compliance.

Microsoft Azure maintenance encompasses Azure Active Directory, M365 (formerly called Office 365), Microsoft Exchange Online, and other associated Azure cloud services. Many institutions may not realize they are leveraging cloud solutions because it’s not always obvious where different technology services originate. Regardless of how an institution obtains Microsoft Exchange or M365, it creates a Microsoft tenant with Azure AD. Institutions are ultimately responsible for these tenants and this includes properly securing and maintaining them.

The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) expects institutions to engage in effective risk management for the “safe and sound” use of cloud computing services. The council indicated as much in its statement on “Security in a Cloud Computing Environment,” saying: “System vulnerabilities can arise due to the failure to properly configure security tools within cloud computing systems. Financial institutions can use their own tools, leverage those provided by cloud service providers, or use tools from industry organizations to securely configure systems, provision access, and log and monitor the financial institution’s systems and information assets residing in the cloud computing environment.”

In addition, financial institutions are obligated to oversee third-party service providers and make sure that they use proper security controls. “Management should be responsible for ensuring that such third parties use suitable information security controls when providing services to the institution,” the FFIEC IT Handbook’s Information Security booklet stated. “Management should verify that third-party service providers implement and maintain controls sufficient to appropriately mitigate risks.”

Azure Active Directory

Azure Active Directory (Azure AD, AAD) is the primary identity platform across all Azure services. There are some standard maintenance objectives that financial institutions should meet with Azure AD.

Some of the key types of identities to review within Azure AD are users, devices, and enterprise applications. User maintenance is an area many people are familiar with, and it involves ensuring the list of users matches expectations. IT administrators should be on the lookout for new accounts; they should look for users who should not be there and delete or disable them if appropriate. For example, users may need to be purged from the list after they complete off-boarding procedures.

With device maintenance, it is important to be aware of all the devices that the organization has placed into Azure AD. IT administrators should ensure that, at least for Windows OS devices, they follow the established naming convention. They should delete “stale” or inactive devices and ensure that all devices—whether desktop or mobile—adhere to established compliance policies.

The maintenance for enterprise applications—objects with some form of connectivity with your Azure tenant—involves making sure various service apps meet expectations for functionality. Administrators should review the apps’ properties to ensure the best controls are being applied. For instance, this could include addressing apps that have an expired certificate.

Other important maintenance areas within Azure AD include reviewing privilege role assignments to ensure their validity, scrutinizing delegated administration partners to confirm their level of access, and “right-sizing” the number and types of licenses to avoid being over or under-provisioned.

M365 and Exchange Administration

SharePoint Online, Exchange Online, and OneDrive are core components of M365 and as such, they require strategic maintenance. Here are some important areas IT admins should address to maintain these services:

  • Usage reporting— Monitor usage reports to ensure they match the institution’s expectations. Anomalies in consumption and storage could indicate a possible security or compliance concern.
  • Cleaning up files— Delete old, unused files from OneDrive or SharePoint. Administrators can solicit help from users by notifying those who are approaching their limits.
  • File retention policy— Automatically delete files based on a set schedule or duration, such as anything older than seven years.
  • Exchange Online mailbox usage— Notice mailbox statistics before users reach their limit to avoid service disruptions—and complaints.
  • Distribution list review— Make sure distribution lists contain the appropriate members for the most effective targeting.
  • Exchange Online mobile devices— Keep track of the details about users’ mobile devices to gain additional insights for achieving maintenance objectives and compliance.

For more information, listen to our “Azure Maintenance —The Basics Every IT Administrator Should Know” webinar.

09 Nov 2022
Best Practices for Ransomware Prevention and Recovery

Best Practices for Ransomware Prevention and Recovery

Best Practices for Ransomware Prevention and Recovery

In the world of cybersecurity, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure—especially when it comes to ransomware. Ransomware attacks hit a new target every 14 seconds, disrupting operations, stealing information, and exploiting businesses, according to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). As a result of ransomware attacks, US Banks paid out nearly $1.2 billion in 2021, which is up by 188% from 2020 according to the Financial Trend Analysis report [PDF] on ransomware from the US Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). But banks and credit unions that consistently implement best practices can effectively prevent and recover from ransomware attacks.

Prevention Strategies

The ideal strategy is to keep ransomware assaults from happening in the first place, but prevention can be tedious and challenging. As a general practice, institutions should identify and address known security gaps that can enable a ransomware infection. (If there is a loophole, hackers will eventually find it.) Since human mistakes are the root cause of most security breaches, providing ransomware training for employees is a crucial step that institutions can take to reduce their cybersecurity risk. Ransomware awareness training can help staff identify, respond to, and circumvent attacks as well as test their knowledge in a safe environment. Institutions can also limit their security risk by adhering to the principle of “least access” to grant employees the minimum levels of access or permission needed for their job.

As another best practice, institutions can also take a stricter stance on the technical aspects of cybersecurity. They can employ intelligent network design and network segmentation to limit risk by restricting ransomware intrusions to a portion of the network instead of the whole system. Institutions should also have overlapping security solutions to provide layered protection for their systems and networks. Then if a single security element fails, another layer will be in place to compensate.

Response and Recovery Tactics

Even with multiple protective measures in place, there is only so much financial institutions can do to avert a ransomware attack. When a breach happens, the institution must respond immediately to mitigate the impact. This includes implementing pre-established processes for incident response, vendor management, business continuity, and other key areas. Bank management, for example, should have an incident response program to minimize damage to the institution and its customers, according to the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) IT Handbook’s Information Security booklet.

Having pre-defined procedures to declare and respond to an incident can be essential to effectively containing and recovering from a ransomware infection. While incident containment strategies can vary between different entities, they typically include the isolation of compromised systems or enhanced monitoring of intruder activities; search for additional compromised systems; collection and preservation of evidence; and communication with affected parties and often the primary regulator, information-sharing organizations, or law enforcement, according to the FFIEC.

In addition, restoration and follow-up strategies for incidents should address the:

  • elimination of the intruder’s means of access
  • restoration of systems, programs, and data to a “known good state” (using available offline or offsite backups)
  • the initiation of customer notification and assistance activities consistent with laws, regulations, and interagency guidance
  • monitoring to detect similar or further incidents

Another step in the recovery process might involve notifying an insurance carrier—if the institution has ransomware coverage. However, cyber insurance might not prove to be the ultimate remedy: A policy exclusion could keep the carrier from paying the claim. Or the settlement amount may not fully compensate for the institution’s intellectual property losses, revenue reduction, tarnished reputation, and other damages.

Augmenting Internal Resources

With the growing complexity of ransomware, it can be challenging for institutions to react to and recover from a cyberattack. However, those with limited internal resources can get help from a third-party cybersecurity expert to manage the process. Safe Systems, for instance, offers multi-layered security services that make it easier for community banks and credit unions to enhance their cybersecurity posture, so they can be better equipped to prevent, respond to, and recover from a ransomware attack. For more information about this critical topic, read our white paper on “The Changing Traits, Tactics, and Trends of Ransomware.”

27 Oct 2022
Social Engineering Scams - It Could Happen to You

Social Engineering Scams – It Could Happen to You!

Social Engineering Scams - It Could Happen to You

Many of us have heard the story about the fake printer repair person who shows up at the office to fix an issue with the intent to gain access to a secure area and collect confidential information. In reality, these things don’t really happen, right? At least not to small businesses or individuals…maybe this happened once to a large corporation and received a lot of press? This level of social engineering doesn’t really happen to someone like me, or does it?

Here’s What Happened to Me

My personal story involves a person visiting my house, a letter in the mail “from the government”, and a friend request on a popular social media platform from someone I knew 20 years ago. Each incident seemed innocent enough at the time, and on its own, did not raise any red flags. But as the events unfolded, I recognized a few mistakes that were made and realized that this was a coordinated effort and a scam!

It started with my doorbell ringing and my six-year-old yelling “Dad, someone’s at the door.” I answered the door to a well-dressed, very professional, middle-aged female with a smile and a government-issued badge around her neck. She promptly showed me the badge and explained she was there to ensure I had received a survey from the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). She explained it was important that I fill out the survey to provide the data needed for them to make decisions to properly serve their constituents.

I conduct many surveys at Safe Systems, so I empathized with her need for information and the effort it requires to get people to fill out surveys. I informed her that I had not received the survey she was inquiring about. She then handed me a sample copy of the survey and said that my actual form would have a randomly generated code to help them track when each family had filled out the survey. Even though the survey was anonymous, they used the code to track completion. When I stated again that I had not received the survey, she politely asked me to keep an eye out for it. She said she would check back next week to confirm I had received it. She complimented me on my house and walked away. Although I found the personal stop at my house odd, I didn’t notice any red flags at first. I simply thought this was similar to how they knock on doors for the census every 10 years.

Two days later, when checking the mail, I found a letter addressed to my wife and me. When I opened it, it included a survey that looked like the sample the lady had shown me a few days earlier, but this survey also had the randomly generated code that she told me about. I was still a little suspicious but planned on doing some research online to see if everything checked out.

A few days later, I received a friend invite on Facebook from someone I had not spoken to in 20 years. I’m not a big social media person but I do have a few accounts to keep up with different family affairs. Once I accepted the invite, this person started asking me about life and family. He didn’t ask anything personal, just general questions about how everyone is doing, jobs, etc. He seemed chattier than I remember him from 20 years ago, but we all change over time. I was cordial with my responses but not overly responsive. Over a few days, I got several short messages from him, then I get hit with this question, “have you filled out the DHHS survey?” He said he had seen my name on a list of people who had not completed it, and since he knew me, he thought he would reach out. RED FLAG!

The last I knew he didn’t work for the DHHS so how would he see my name on a DHHS survey list? And how could he be sure I was the same guy he knew 20 years ago living in a different town? Everyone who knows me, knows I go by my nickname. Very few people know my official birth certificate name, which is what was used on the DHHS survey. So, the odds of my name jumping off the page at him is unlikely. RED FLAG! I was curious about where this was going so, I continued the conversation, but guardedly. I admitted I had the survey but had not had a chance to fill it out yet.

Not wanting to let on that I was suspicious of him and the survey, I lied and said I would get around to it at some point. His response was the clincher for me that this was a scam. He said, “Great, just don’t want you to miss out on all the money I got from doing it.” Suddenly, there is money involved with filling out this survey which had not been mentioned anywhere. BIG RED FLAG! Also, it is very unlikely that someone filling out the survey would see a list of others who had received it, especially if it was supposed to be anonymous. RED FLAG!

I decided at this point, I wanted to know how far they would take this scam. I started chatting with him about some trip we went on years ago and how great it would be to do it again (but the truth was we never went on any trip). I never heard from him again, and his Facebook account was deleted and removed 2 days later.

It is important to discuss his Facebook page, as it not only had pictures of him and his family but also indicated that we had a single “mutual friend.” This was meant to convince me of his authenticity but should have also raised a RED FLAG considering how much overlap there was in the people we knew. Apparently, someone had stolen the pictures from his Facebook page and created a new account. I later recalled I was already friends with him on Facebook and compared his actual page to what I had seen on the fake account. They were identical if you just looked at the profile picture and the last post or two. There was almost no history on the fake account, but I had not paid attention to this RED FLAG at the time.

Social Engineering Can Happen to Anyone

In the grand scheme of things, I’m your average American stereotype. I live in a small neighborhood in suburbia with a minimal presence on the internet. Why would anyone have any interest in me? Yet, with no reason to target me, someone came to my house, mailed me a letter, set up a fake profile of someone I knew 20 years ago, and created an elaborate scheme to get me to fill out a survey that asked for personal information.

The moral of the story is if it can happen to me, it can happen to you, your family, and your business! Don’t assume these things only happen to others or large corporations. Social engineering schemes are very real, and they can work if you don’t have your guard up!

As we reach the end of Cybersecurity Awareness Month 2022, I thought this would be an appropriate story to share. As you can see from my story, social engineering can be very elaborate and can use means that are outside of the internet to deceive you into providing access to confidential or personal information and/or your computer systems. So, awareness is key. In the spirit of this month, I hope my story serves as a reminder to talk to your employees and customers about recognizing red flags and staying safe online.

25 Oct 2022
Tips from Cybersecurity Awareness Month 2022

Tips from Cybersecurity Awareness Month 2022

Tips from Cybersecurity Awareness Month 2022

Cybersecurity Awareness Month 2022 is reminding individuals and organizations that there are a variety of ways to protect their data—and practicing the basics of cybersecurity can make a huge difference. This year’s campaign centers around an overarching theme that promotes self-empowerment: See Yourself in Cyber. The initiative’s co-leaders, the National Cybersecurity Alliance (NCA) and the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), are encouraging people to focus on four key behaviors:

  • Enabling multi-factor authentication (MFA) — Often called two-step verification, MFA is an effective security measure because it requires anyone logging into an account to verify their identity in multiple ways. Typically, it asks the individual to enter their username and password and then prove who they are through some other means, such as providing their fingerprint or responding to a text message.
  • Using strong passwords and a password manager — All passwords should be created so that they are long (consisting of at least 12 characters), complex (including a combination of upper case letters, lower case letters, numbers, and special characters), and unique. This approach should be implemented with all accounts. Because we do more online today, it is possible to have hundreds of passwords to manage. And, if your passwords are long, unique, and complex as they should be, it can be impossible to remember and track them all. Using a secure and encrypted password manager is not only safer than using a physical notebook or a notes app to store your passwords, but it can also provide benefits such as alerting you of potential compromises and auto-generating new hyper-strong passwords that are stored along with the others.

A quality password manager should encrypt all passwords, require multi-factor authentication on your password vault, and not store the keys needed to decrypt the main password that unlocks your vault.

  • Updating software — Updates resolve general software issues and provide new security patches where criminals might get in and cause problems. You should update software often, obtain the patch from a known trusted source, and make the updates automatic if available.
  • Recognizing and reporting phishing — With the right training, you and your employees can learn to identify phishing, a scheme where criminals use fake emails, social media posts, or direct messages to trick unwitting victims to click on a bad link or download a malicious attachment. The signs can be subtle, but once suspect a phishing scam, you should report it immediately, and the sender’s address should be blocked.

Cybersecurity Resources

Cybersecurity Awareness Month is dedicated to providing resources to help individuals and organizations stay safe online. Businesses that need additional resources to address their specific needs can partner with an external cybersecurity expert. For example, Safe Systems offers a wide variety of compliance, technology, and security solutions to help community banks and credit unions safeguard their data.

Some of our cybersecurity products and services include:

  • Cybersecurity RADAR™: A web-based application combined with a team of compliance experts to help you assess your cybersecurity risk and maturity, using the standards set by the FFIEC’s Cybersecurity Assessment Tool (CAT) or the NCUA’s Automated Cybersecurity Examination Tool (ACET).
  • Information Security Program: A solution that allows you to build a customized, interactive, and FFIEC-compliant Information Security Program, complete with notifications, reporting, collaboration, approval processes, and regulatory updates.
  • NetInsight®: A cyber risk reporting solution that runs independently of your existing network and security tools to provide “insight” into information technology and information security KPIs and controls.
  • Security Awareness Training: Safe Systems has partnered with KnowBe4, a market leader who is in the business of training employees to make smarter security
  • Layered Security: Build a basic layered approach including a perimeter firewall with content filtering, email threat filters, an endpoint malware solution, and a robust patch management process, or add more sophisticated layers depending on your security needs.

In addition, we continue to provide access to trusted information related to technology trends, regulatory updates, and security best practices on our Resource Center. Our latest white paper focuses on the leading security risk to businesses today, ransomware. Download a copy of “The Changing Traits, Tactics, and Trends of Ransomware” to discover how to better position your institution to prevent and recover from a ransomware attack.

20 Oct 2022
Special Guest Speakers Share their Expertise on Key Banking Systems and Compliance Trends

Special Guest Speakers Share their Expertise on Key Banking Systems and Compliance Trends

Special Guest Speakers Share their Expertise on Key Banking Systems and Compliance Trends

Our first Customer Success Summer Series offered live webinars with special guest speakers who shared their industry knowledge to help our customers and other financial institutions enhance internal processes and key areas of their banking operations.

The Evolution of Phone Systems

Today businesses are facing the acceleration of remote working—Voice over internet protocol (VoIP), Virtual Private Networks (VPN), virtual meetings, and dynamic routing of phone systems based on the user’s location—all have become must-have requirements. Legacy telephone services are becoming more obsolete as some telecoms decommission analog technologies in favor of fiber pots and other alternatives. The old telephone system is evolving into a more modern option: unified communications as a service (UCaaS), which merges communication channels into a single cloud-based system. UCaaS offers all the necessary infrastructure, applications, and resources businesses need in an easily scalable solution. Unified communications tools can include chat, VoIP, text messaging, and online video conferencing.

UCaaS gives institutions the benefit of advanced functionality which allows employees to work remotely more efficiently, including things like the ability to check other users’ availability, reach people whether they are in the office or out in the field, and access the platform from anywhere. Another evolving facet in telecommunications is call center as a service (CCaaS), which also streamlines omnichannel communication and allows remote employees to work together as a call center team.

Given its flexibility and efficiency, it is easy to see why UCaaS is moving to the forefront of communications. There is a wide range of unified communications features, equipment, and prices and it is important for your institution to clearly define its unique needs to find a solution that will satisfy its requirements. It is also important to continue to evaluate your equipment and services every few years as technology and pricing continue to change.

Watch the recording of this webinar to gain a better understanding of UCaaS and other options so you can make the right choice for your institution.

2 Guys and a Microphone

Matt and Tom have both spent most of their careers focused on risk and regulatory compliance for financial institutions. We recorded their recent conversation which spans many topics including increased scrutiny on vendor management, continued focus on ransomware, and more.

Recent audit and exam trends continue to have a strong focus on third parties and proper vendor management. Examiners are considering the preponderance of fintechs, how much the average financial institution is outsourcing, and the inherent risk that originates from third-party vendors. Interestingly, their increased scrutiny may extend to any significant sub-service vendors that institutions may have. In addition, we are seeing questions arise about vendor management in the context of insurance. Cyber liability insurance applications are requesting more details about the management of vendors and other third parties.

There have also been some interesting audit and exam findings. For instance, one institution was encouraged to complete a post-pandemic/walk-through test or “dry run” of their pandemic procedures. This is curious considering all institutions have been in a “live exercise” for the past few years with the pandemic. Regardless, there is a good chance that the pandemic verbiage in your disaster recovery plan needs to be updated based on what has or has not been done in response to the current pandemic. And it is important to consider that an annual pandemic test will be a part of examiner expectations going forward along with the traditional business continuity, natural disaster, and cyber incident tests.

On the regulatory front, the new Computer-Incident Notification Rule went into effect on April 1, 2022, which is designed to give regulators early awareness of emerging threats to banking organizations and the broader financial system, including potentially systemic cyber events. The rule has two components:

  • The first part requires a banking organization to promptly notify its primary federal regulator of any “computer-security incident” that rises to the level of a “notification incident.”
  • The second part requires a bank service provider to notify each affected banking organization customer as soon as possible when the bank service provider determines that it has experienced a “computer-security incident” that has caused, or is reasonably likely to cause, a material service disruption or degradation for four or more hours.

In March, we hosted an in-depth webinar on understanding the requirements, recognizing gray areas, and preparing for unknowns. To help intuitions meet these requirements, we also created a detailed flowchart to understand when an event is severe enough to activate your Incident Response Team (IRT) and when regulators and customers should be notified.

Another regulatory trend to keep your eyes on is the increasing focus on ransomware industry-wide is prompting some state banking organizations to require institutions to use the Ransomware Self-Assessment Tool (R-SAT). The 16-question R-SAT is designed to help institutions evaluate their general cybersecurity preparedness and reduce ransomware risks. The R-SAT supplements the Cybersecurity Assessment Tool developed by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC). It will be interesting to see if more states begin requiring this additional diagnostic tool.

Watch the recording to hear more insights about INTrex, SOC Reports, and SSAE 21.

08 Sep 2022
What to Budget for in 2023

What to Budget for in 2023

What to Budget for in 2023

Marty McFly (the lead character in “Back to the Future”) could not have predicted the world we live in today. Though the movie’s portrayal of flying cars, floating hoverboards, and shoes that lace themselves may have been a little far-fetched, we now have IoT, the Internet of Things. This powerful networking capability connects everything in our lives to a single electronic device that can be held in the palm of our hands. I can open my garage door, adjust the temperature of my house, set my alarm system, and even check the status of the clothes in my dryer—all from my mobile phone. Predictions are always a synthesis of art, science—and uncertainty. None of us truly knows what tomorrow will bring. We just know it will look a little different than it did today. With that in mind, it’s almost budgeting season, so here are my predictions for the top areas your bank or credit union should consider budgeting for in 2023:

1. Compliance Services

Compliance continues to be a strong focus for many community financial institutions. It’s important to be able to evaluate all your policies and programs to see where you may need assistance before your next exam. If you aren’t sure if your policies and programs are keeping up with regulations, you may want to hire a third party to provide an objective perspective. Companies like Safe Systems will often conduct a review as a courtesy or for a nominal fee.

You should also consider investing in these two popular compliance services that have gained traction in recent years:

  • Virtual ISO: There are several service models available, so make sure you find the one that matches your institution’s needs. (Check out our recent webinar that walks you through the pros and cons of three virtual ISO models.) For instance, Safe Systems’ ISOversight service includes a dedicated compliance specialist, along with a suite of online compliance applications to help you develop and manage your vendors, business continuity plan, Cybersecurity Assessment Tool, and information security program.
  • Vendor Management: Your assessment of a vendor should define what controls are needed to effectively mitigate risks posed by each vendor. Some critical or high-risk vendors may require reviewing documents like contracts, financials, or SOC 2 audit reports. Evaluating these documents can feel daunting because it can be time-consuming and understanding each type of document can require a different skill set. Many institutions are offloading the document review process to third-party companies to help them identify the key information in each document and better manage risk.

2. Supply Chain Issues

The supply chain issues that started during the middle of the pandemic have continued through 2022. Servers, switches, firewalls, and other hardware devices are still in limited supply. For 2023, continue to plan and order hardware well in advance of your needs. If you wait until you need it, you may encounter delays. Six months is the current lead time for certain devices. Also, when replacing a workstation in 2023, evaluate whether a laptop or desktop computer would be the best replacement. While laptops introduce some new risks due to their mobility, they also allow flexibility for users. If a laptop will enable an employee to work remotely during a disaster or pandemic, it may be more beneficial to switch to this laptop to optimize your hardware investment.

3. Cloud Security

Cloud security should continue to be top of mind. Although the Cloud offers plenty of advantages, it comes with numerous control settings, management tools, and security options that must be effectively configured and maintained to ensure the highest level of protection. This should be a key area of concern for not only institutions with infrastructure in the Cloud, but also those with M365 licenses—which include Exchange Online, SharePoint, OneDrive—or those using Microsoft Azure Active Directory as an authentication platform through a third-party provider. Too often institutions only think about hosting servers in the Cloud when it comes to cloud security. While moving infrastructure to the Cloud is a current trend, almost all institutions store some information there. Safe Systems has worked with several institutions with assets ranging from $100 million to multi-billion dollars and found that almost all of them had gaps in their cloud security when it comes to their cloud tenants. Some institutions had their email or user accounts compromised while others had the wrong M365 security settings in place, which left the door open to future compromises. Safe Systems’ CloudInsight suite of products includes M365 Security and Utility Basics solutions to detect common risks and help institutions better manage the increasing array of M365 security settings and controls. These reasonably priced options deliver a substantial amount of value, so contact us for a quote to determine if our CloudInsight solution will fit into your budget next year.

4. Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity must stay top of mind for both your institution and its employees. If you do not have a solution to train and test your staff on information security best practices, consider investing in one next year. These are typically not expensive solutions, and they provide exceptional value—as well as critical protection. It is estimated that cyberattacks are 300 times more likely to be targeted against financial services firms than other companies. If that isn’t enough to keep you up at night, then consider that Cybersecurity Ventures expects global cybercrime costs to reach $10.5 trillion annually by 2025—and will be more profitable than the global trade of all major illegal drugs combined. Remember, where the money is, the crooks will follow. Every year you must evaluate your current security layers and decide if they are still effective and if you have enough of them in place.

“If it were measured as a country, then cybercrime—which is thought to have inflicted damages totaling $6 trillion USD globally in 2021—would be the world’s third-largest economy after the U.S. and China.”

Preparing for next year requires you to first evaluate where you are this year. You could decide to simply “rinse and repeat” what you did this year, but that would be a missed opportunity to really understand what is working, what isn’t, and what can be improved. Also, consider your institution’s short- and long-term plans. Sometimes what makes sense today doesn’t make sense when compared to your future plans for growth, increased redundancy, and more. While you can’t predict the future, you can at least ensure your 2023 budget reflects your best guess for where your institution is headed.

01 Sep 2022
Addressing the Growing Ransomware Problem

Addressing the Growing Ransomware Problem

Addressing the Growing Ransomware Problem

Ransomware has become the leading cyber threat to businesses today—and it is growing at an alarming rate. Threat actors, who often work in groups, continue to evolve and create different ransomware strains. They rebrand themselves and resurface under new identities, making it difficult to curtail their criminal activities. Ransomware has continued its upward trend with an almost 13% rise—an increase as big as the last five years combined, according to the 2022 Verizon “2022 Data Breach Investigations Report.” And the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center Annual Report stated recorded 3,729 ransomware complaints in 2021 with adjusted losses of more than $49.2 million.

The pervasive nature of the ransomware problem affects all types of companies, sectors, and industries worldwide. Approximately 37 percent of global organizations were targeted by a ransomware attack in 2021, based on the IDC’s “2021 Ransomware Study.” And in February 2022, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) reported that fourteen of the 16 US critical infrastructure sectors had ransomware incidents.

The Impact

Ransomware is malicious software or malware that locks victims out of their computing devices or blocks access to files until they pay a ransom. More sophisticated versions can encrypt files and folders on attached drives and even networked computers, raising the stakes even higher. (In all cases, the FBI does not support paying a ransom in response to a ransomware attack.)

Typically, ransomware gets installed on a workstation using a social engineering technique such as phishing. It tricks people into clicking on a link or opening an attachment and disclosing their login information or even financial data. Regardless of the threat vector used, a ransomware infection can wreak havoc on victims, causing extensive business interruptions, legal expenses, and reputational damage. According to IBM’s Cost of a Data Breach 2022 report, the average cost of a ransomware breach, not including the ransom payment, declined slightly, from USD 4.62 million to USD 4.54 million. However, the frequency of ransomware breaches has increased — from 7.8% of breaches in the 2021 report to 11% in the 2022 study. In certain industries, an attack may be considered a data breach and involve even more negative consequences. For instance, financial institutions and other critical infrastructure agencies may be required to pay fines for an attack due to their failure to protect clients’ data.

Cybercriminals are shifting away from ransomware attacks that merely demand a payment to unlock the victim’s data or device. They are focusing on more multidimensional extortion methods to extract a larger reward. IBM Security’s 2022 “X-Force Threat Intelligence Index” report indicates that virtually all ransomware assaults today are “double extortion” attacks that demand a ransom to unlock data and prevent its theft. Some attackers opt to exfiltrate sensitive data, so they can present additional ransom demands in the future. They may also sell personal data—credit card numbers, email addresses, online credentials, or bank account information—to make the fraud even more lucrative.

Best Practices

Security is a complicated issue, which makes staying on top of threats and vulnerabilities challenging. Financial institutions must complete a myriad of time-consuming and complex tasks to maintain a strong security posture. Addressing ransomware can be particularly difficult for community banking institutions with limited internal technical expertise and resources. And there is only so much an institution can do to stay vigilant against ransomware threats.

However, institutions can reduce their risk by implementing some key security strategies such as:

  • Having a well-trained staff because most ransomware intrusions are caused by human error.
  • Having overlapping security products and or services to cover the protection of systems and networks.
  • Having well-designed network infrastructure with security in mind.
  • Having a proper incident response plan that can be adhered to in the event of a breach.

Using a Managed Service Provider

Financial institutions that put mitigating systems, processes, and practices in place will be better positioned to prevent, detect, and recover from a ransomware breach. However, many smaller institutions may lack the resources and knowledge in-house to close security gaps and circumvent attacks. They can remedy the situation by employing the products and services of a managed service provider to strengthen their security posture.

Safe Systems provides a wide range of layered security solutions to help institutions address the risk of ransomware. Our security offerings include behavior-based vulnerability monitoring, advanced endpoint protection, vulnerable systems patching, next-generation firewalls, email software security, and staff training. These products and services deliver essential overlapping protection, and they are specially designed to meet the needs of community banks and credit unions.

Also, stay tuned for our upcoming white paper that will provide more data on the current state of ransomware and how banking institutions can better minimize the risks of an attack.

05 Aug 2022
The Importance of Succession Planning

The Importance of Succession Planning to IT and Information Security Resiliency

The Importance of Succession Planning

Change can be challenging—especially when it involves the transition of IT management and other key personnel. That’s why it’s imperative for banks and credit unions to be proactive about succession planning.

While regulators expect institutions to have a formal succession plan for key leadership roles, having a strategy for filling critical positions is a matter of practicality. If an IT administrator or information security officer (ISO) is not in place, or not available to complete the tasks, reports, and other responsibilities of these roles, then it could lead to cyberattacks and other security issues. This, in turn, can have dire consequences on a financial institution’s operations, risk-profile compliance, and reputation.

Succession Planning Strategies

Institutions can ensure IT and information security resiliency by having an effective plan for managing the absence of key security-related personnel. Depending on their size, type, and goals, they can adopt any of these approaches to succession planning:

  • Proactively assess internal talent and then orient the most suitable individual to serve as an alternate or backup for various IT admin or ISO responsibilities. The ISO alternate, for instance, should train with the existing ISO, attend ISO oversight meetings, and present appropriate information to executive management and the board. If the ISO leaves, the backup individual should be equipped to assume the role temporarily or even for the long term if necessary. Training a staff member to perform IT or information security duties is not only pragmatic, but it complies with regulatory guidance.
  • Implement an internal committee or team approach to managing IT and information security during a temporary or permanent personnel change. The committee can facilitate the IT and information security program in several ways. It can maintain processes until an outside replacement is installed or support an internal successor who is transitioning into the position. The committee can also provide coaching to keep the replacement from becoming overwhelmed by the complexity and assortment of tasks required.
  • Partner with a trusted third party to obtain the additional expertise needed to meet IT and information security benchmarks. This approach provides an accountability partnership role and a regular framework that clearly defines key responsibilities and streamlines processes. This strategy can ensure institutions have suitable resources to ease the transition of key personnel to enhance IT and information security resiliency.

Leveraging a Virtual ISO

A virtual ISO can be an ideal solution for institutions seeking to enhance IT and information security resiliency. This third-party service can not only support succession planning, but it can also serve as an extension of the internal ISO providing an external layer of oversight and an objective point of view — which allows institutions to approach risk more strategically and proactively.

ISOversight from Safe Systems, for instance, is a complete solution that makes it easier for community banks and credit unions to master information security and compliance online. This virtual ISO solution—which is especially for financial institutions—offers valuable access to applications and resources, cyber risk reporting, and compliance experts. With ISOversight, banks and credit unions can be confident that all their ISO-related requirements are completed on time, documented properly, and reported to the appropriate parties. Learn more about how to enhance your institution’s security posture during tough times. Read our white paper on “Building IT and Information Security Resiliency in Chaotic Times.”

27 Jul 2022
Learn How to Eliminate Compliance Pain Points with COMPaaS

Learn How to Eliminate Compliance Pain Points with COMPaaS

Learn How to Eliminate Compliance Pain Points with COMPaaS

Keeping compliance processes and information security up to date is crucial, especially with the ever-increasing risks and regulatory requirements that are facing financial institutions. Our compliance-as-a-service solution, COMPaaS, solves this problem. It offers community banks and credit unions an easy way to customize information technology and compliance services to match their institution’s needs.

What is COMPaaS?

COMPaaS is a collection of connected compliance applications combined with critical monitoring and reporting tools that institutions can customize to address their specific pain points. Regardless of type or size, any financial institution can use COMPaaS to build a unique package of services that are based on their specific compliance resources, expertise, and budget.

The full suite of services meets regulatory requirements in a range of areas from vendor and network management to cloud security, information technology, and business continuity management:

  • BCP Blueprint: An application that automates the building and maintenance of a business continuity plan.
  • CloudInsight M365 Security Basics: A reporting tool that provides visibility into security settings for Azure Active Directory and M365 tenants.
  • Cybersecurity RADAR: A user-friendly application to assess cybersecurity risk and maturity.
  • Information Security Program: A proven regulatory framework with applications that allow you to build a customized, interactive, and compliant infosec program.
  • Lookout: An event log monitoring solution that efficiently combs through daily logs and sends notifications for activities that need review.
  • NetInsight: A reporting tool that runs independently of existing network tools to provide third-party “insight” into IT controls.
  • Vendor Management: An application that tracks vendor risks, automates contract renewal reminders, and generates reports.
  • V-Scan: A security solution that scans a network, identifies vulnerabilities, and generates a comprehensive report.

How Does It Work?

The COMPaaS applications and services were built with our expert’s core knowledge and industry best practices to help your institution build a strong compliance foundation. Whether you choose one of the automated applications or a service that provides a dedicated compliance resource, COMPaaS can help you better manage your policies and procedures, implement effective controls, and fill in reporting gaps to meet examiner expectations. It is the ideal solution because it lets you select the exact products and services you need now and add more later as your requirements change. For example, if you are a smaller bank, you might begin with a vendor management application and then build from there to cover your cybersecurity risk and information security concerns.

Key Benefits

COMPaaS allows financial institutions to leverage the benefits of automation to streamline time-consuming processes related to regulatory requirements. It converts labor-intensive processes that often exist on paper into apps to create living documents that are more efficient and less likely to become outdated.

COMPaaS also uses technology to enforce verifiable controls and provide consumable reports so that institutions can implement the appropriate actions to maintain information security. This can make it easier to prove to a third party that critical issues are being addressed. In addition, all COMPaaS was designed with the regulatory needs of community banking institutions in mind. For example, the technology and security products cover the standards set by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council’s Cybersecurity Assessment Tool (CAT) or the National Credit Union Administration’s Automated Cybersecurity Examination Tool (ACET).

The COMPaaS Advantage

With COMPaaS, institutions have an effective way to target and eliminate their specific compliance and information technology weaknesses. They can save time by automating compliance tasks and save money by selecting only the options where they need help. Institutions also can expand COMPaaS’ services to support internal IT staff who may not be well-versed in a particular area or wearing multiple hats and juggling too many tasks. Or they can use COMPaaS to fill a void when an IT staff member takes a vacation, goes on leave, gets promoted, or retires. Whatever the situation, institutions can maintain continuity by having access to the same tools, reporting features, and experts through COMPaaS. And our solutions will grow with the institution, so it can implement various services at separate times based on its budget and needs.

14 Jul 2022
How to Always Be Prepared for a Cyberattack

How to Always Be Prepared for a Cyberattack

How to Always Be Prepared for a Cyberattack

Cybersecurity attacks have been ramping up nationwide, and the FBI expects the trend to continue. Americans reported 847,376 complaints in 2021, a 7-percent increase from 2020, according to the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center’s 2021 Internet Crime Report. Many of the complaints filed in 2021 involved ransomware, phishing, data breach, and business email compromise. Financial services is one of the critical infrastructure sectors that are most frequently targeted by ransomware attacks.

However, here are five best practices that if effectively implemented, managed, and monitored can ensure that your financial institution is always prepared for a cyberattack:

1. Authentication

Passwords have become more complicated to create, remember, and maintain. Twenty years ago, passwords consisted of a simple string of characters. Now they are more complex, requiring a combination of numbers, symbols, and upper- and lower-case letters. Increasingly, user management tools allow institutions to take advantage of robust authentication options like multifactor authentication (MFA). MFA adds extra elements and more security to the sign-on process, which is why users should employ it whenever possible to log in to any network or system at your institution. This is especially important for higher-risk situations that involve network administrator accounts, virtual private network access, and critical management applications.

MFA is one of the most important cybersecurity practices to reduce the risk of intrusions. Users who enable MFA are up to 99 percent less likely to have an account compromised, according to a joint advisory issued by the FBI and Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency. “Every organization should enforce MFA for all employees and customers, and every user should sign up for MFA when available,” the advisory states.

2. Patch Management

Patching can be a constant and tedious process as it requires keeping up with updates from numerous sources and applications. This can entail patching a plethora of Microsoft products, along with banking and lending applications, PDF readers, virtualization applications, database applications, ATM software, and more. Not patching a security hole in any of these could lead to a massive security breach with catastrophic implications for institutions. It’s imperative to maintain a list of all approved applications and monitoring software on the network as well as have an update policy and a clearly defined process for each application. Major breaches have happened because a single patch was missing on a single device. Patch management cannot be ignored or treated as an afterthought.

3. Email Security and End User Best Practices

Understanding email, specifically phishing techniques, is one of the most critical aspects of being prepared for a cyberattack. While financial institutions are frequently targeted by phishing attacks, following these best practices can help to prevent business email compromise:

  • Augment your email solution with effective scanning software. This can help identify SPAM and phishing emails before they reach employees.
  • Train employees to recognize phony phishing emails, so they can “think before they click.” These bogus emails can be difficult to spot unless you know what you are looking for; e.g., poor grammar and spelling, links that don’t match the domain, unsolicited attachments, etc.
  • Test employees to see how well they respond to a realistic phishing attempt. Invest in a program that lets you send fake phishing messages and track which employees fail the test, so you can offer additional training to those who need it.

4. Backups

Backups play a crucial role in file recovery, disaster recovery, and ransomware attacks. To successfully bounce back from a cyberattack, institutions need to have all backup scenarios sufficiently covered, including file-level backups, disaster recovery backups, Veeam backups (for virtual servers), and SQL/database backups. While most institutions use a combination of different backup solutions, the key objective is to back up files offline or in the cloud, so they are not connected to your network. Then if a ransomware attack strikes the network, your offline and cloud backups will not be affected.

5. Vendor Risk Management

Vendor management can have a dramatic impact on the overall success of your information security plan. If you outsource to a vendor with inadequate security protocols, their weakness essentially becomes your weakness. The first step in vendor risk management is to perform a risk assessment to evaluate your level of inherent risk. This must always be done first so that you can then identify and implement the proper controls. If the controls selected do not completely offset the risks identified, then alternate or compensating controls would need to be identified to achieve a level of residual risk that is within your risk appetite.

There’s no silver bullet when it comes to resisting a cyberattack but focusing on the five areas above can significantly increase your institution’s cyber resiliency. Safe Systems offers a range of technology, compliance, and security solutions that are exclusively designed for community banks and credit unions. Contact us to learn how we can help you implement these five and other best practices.

23 Jun 2022
Tips for the Latest Microsoft Windows 10 Feature Update

Tips for the Latest Microsoft Windows 10 Feature Update

Tips for the Latest Microsoft Windows 10 Feature Update

Microsoft recently released the latest feature update for Windows 10, and financial institutions should upgrade the operating system as soon as possible. Installing the new update—Windows 10, version 21H2—sooner than later will give institutions access to important benefits, with a key advantage being enhanced security. The update will enable them to keep receiving security patches against malware and other vulnerabilities, so they can continue operating with the same level of safety and convenience. In addition, upgrading now will enable institutions to extract more longevity and functionality from the system, which will save them money in the long run. Implementing the current update will also keep them ahead of the curve and better prepared to meet the Windows 10 end-of-life date: Oct. 14, 2025.

Safe Systems Makes the Process Easy

Safe Systems can complete the upgrade for their network management, NetComply® One, customers using a proprietary solution designed by in-house technology experts. This advanced, automated method lessens the time and effort involved with installing version 21H2. We typically make one download per location instead of going from machine to machine—which can each take several hours to update. We can also employ file sourcing to reduce the amount of bandwidth consumed during the update. These streamlined tactics significantly minimize downtime, which can have a major impact on daily operations, personnel productivity, and other network utilization issues. If a machine has a problem with our automated process, customers will receive an email from Safe Systems notifying them that several failed attempts have occurred. At that point, they can decide whether to upgrade the machine themselves or submit a ticket requesting us to remediate the issue.

In addition, customers can run reports to gain insights, enhance decision-making, and optimize the upgrade process. For instance, they can:

  • identify which version of Windows 10 is currently running on their machines;
  • review results from the previous upgrade;
  • determine time of the next attempted upgrade;
  • detect which machines are excluded from upgrades; and
  • confirm that machines scheduled for the update are turned on and online.

By leveraging our network management solution and custom technology for feature upgrades, guesswork and human intervention are removed from the update process. This not only leaves financial institutions with more time to focus on other important issues, but it results in a more successful upgrade project. So, our customers get the best of two worlds: an efficient, computerized upgrade and support from technology experts.

A Specialized Network Management Solution

Completing Windows 10 21H2 updates for our customers means they will have one less thing to worry about. This supports our ultimate objective—to give financial institutions of all sizes a cost-effective way to leverage the best technology, compliance, and security solutions to serve the financial needs of their community. Our network monitoring and management platform, NetComply One, is designed exclusively for community banks and credit unions and provides them with a unique blend of services: automated ticketing, patch management, qualified alerting, custom reports, and quarterly advisement—all from an industry leader with more than 25 years of banking and IT experience.

So why run the security risk of not installing the new Windows update now when we’re making the process easy? Contact us today for questions about the upgrade or more information about NetComply One.

16 Jun 2022
Choosing a Virtual ISO (VISO)

Choosing a Virtual ISO (VISO)

The ISO’s role is becoming increasingly more complex and challenging due to growing cyber security threats, the ever-changing technology environment, and expanding regulatory expectations. It can be difficult for banks and credit unions to stay on top of information security issues. That’s why today even the smallest institutions often engage a trusted third party for help. A virtual information security officer (VISO) service can help institutions effectively manage information security so that nothing gets missed or falls through the cracks.

Common Types of VISO

The most common types of virtual ISO solutions available to institutions are the “do-it-yourself” (DIY), “hybrid,” and “offload” models. The DIY option is designed for institutions that have a solid grasp of the ISO’s job functions and just need some basic tools and limited consultation to enhance their efforts. This model is the least expensive but also requires more of a time commitment from your internal resources. The hybrid model may typically include an assortment of apps, templates, pre-configured reports, and other tools, along with a broader and deeper level of consultation. Resource requirements from the institution side are greatly reduced compared to DIY, but typically greater than offload. Accordingly, costs for a hybrid approach are somewhere between the two other models. The hybrid model also tends to be the most flexible and is designed to evolve with the changing needs of the institution. Finally, the offload approach attempts to provide a “turn-key” solution wherein the virtual ISO partner effectively assumes most or all the responsibilities of your internal ISO. This approach requires the least involvement from your institution (which could introduce other challenges…see the “Examiner Support” section below), but it is usually also the most expensive. As this model is the most inclusive, the knowledge and experience of the third-party provider are your most important consideration. The offload approach typically includes unlimited consultation, on-demand reporting, participation in committee meetings, etc.

Key Factors to Consider

When choosing a virtual ISO, there are some important aspects to consider to ensure your institution selects the best option. Keep in mind that each virtual ISO model comes with a certain level of flexibility and engagement for a specific price. The key is to carefully balance the service and costs against your specific internal resource gaps to determine the best solution for your situation. Ideally, whatever solution you choose should have the flexibility to dial up or down the level of service, depending on how your situation may change in the future.

Whatever virtual ISO solution you opt for, it should provide documentation and reporting in a form that the various stakeholders can understand. Each one of the many ISO responsibilities has one or more reports or documents that support the requirement to hold the ISO accountable for its responsibilities. The board of directors, the steering committee, the IT auditors, and examiners, all have different perspectives and comprehension levels and may require different degrees of detail for the same information. For instance, boards and examiners might require higher-level data, whereas steering committees and IT auditors might require more detailed documentation for their purposes. You should have access to on-demand reporting with relevant, actionable, up-to-date information that matches the level of engagement for the various stakeholder groups.

The regulatory guidance on ISO responsibilities includes terms such as “engaging with” and “working with” management in the individual lines of business to understand the risks of various initiatives. They also expect the ISO to “implement” the information security strategy as defined by the board, and to periodically “inform” the board and senior management on the status of the program. In the case of a virtual ISO, your hybrid or offload third-party partner needs to have an excellent understanding of enterprise-wide strategic objectives, and a good working relationship with management in all lines of business and within the different departments within your organization.

Remember, as with all outsourced activities, even though you can delegate some (or even most) of the heavy lifting to a virtual ISO, you cannot outsource responsibility. Your institution still must maintain a strong oversight effort to ensure that all ISO duties are completed, documented, and reported appropriately. Higher levels of third-party reliance require correspondingly higher levels of oversight. According to the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council’s Outsourcing Technology Services booklet you are obligated to oversee all activities, whether you perform them, or a third-party performs them on your behalf.

Examiner Support

The examiner feedback we have seen to date strongly supports the idea of financial institutions implementing a virtual ISO solution “…as long as it’s done correctly.” That means focusing on all the responsibilities and accountabilities of the role and making sure sufficient documentation and appropriate oversight and reporting are built-in. Doing it correctly also means making sure the in-house ISO is not so detached from the processes and procedures that they cannot authoritatively explain them to a stakeholder, which can be the primary downside of the “offload” model. The decision-making process is the most important concern for regulators. Your solution should allow you to offload enough to make the ISO’s job easier and more organized, but not so much that they become disconnected and lose operational awareness of their current threat and control environment.

In conclusion, choosing the right type of virtual ISO service allows institutions to provide the appropriate level of insight and oversight for their in-house ISO. This can help them to be better equipped to manage information security activities, meet evolving industry standards, and adjust to tightening regulatory requirements, all in an increasing cyber threat environment.

At Safe Systems, we offer a virtual ISO service based on the above-described hybrid model. ISOversight™, is a VISO service that is flexible to accommodate the changing needs of community banks and credit unions. The ISOversight service includes a full suite of applications to manage everything from vendors to business continuity, along with all associated information security policies and risk assessments. This is a cost-effective, comprehensive, and flexible solution that makes information security management much more efficient. For more insight about the most common virtual ISO models and how to determine which one may be right for you, view our webinar on “Is a Virtual ISO Right for You?”

09 Jun 2022
Planning for Safety, Soundness, and Resiliency

Planning for Safety, Soundness, and Resiliency

Planning for Safety, Soundness, and Resiliency

With the rise in cybercrimes and increased regulatory scrutiny, having a board-approved IT Strategic Plan is often not enough to ensure cyber resiliency. It’s essential for financial institutions to develop a robust IT management and information security infrastructure. The following excerpts from our recent white paper on “Building IT and Information Security Resiliency in Chaotic Times,” show how institutions can strengthen and support these key management roles to make better technology and security decisions, improve visibility, and reduce vulnerability. In addition, institutions can use strategic partners and risk management solutions to bolster resources they already have in place and enhance their overall cyber resilience.

1. Separating ISO Duties

Examiners have a strong interest in the IT administrator and ISO roles, which are interconnected and integral to an institution’s safety and soundness. However, many community banks and credit units still struggle with meeting the FFIEC requirements for segregating these positions. The importance of separating ISO duties relates to creating additional oversight to verify activities and maintain accountability to management and the board. Separating these functions also helps to build a clear audit trail to ensure risk is being accurately assessed and reported to senior management. While the ISO functions in an oversight capacity of the IT administrator, the ISO also relies heavily on the administrator to share data that can be used to recommend steps to improve the institution’s security posture. Therefore, the IT admin-ISO relationship must also be cooperative to ensure their daily activities support the organization’s policies and procedures.

2. Being Proactive about Succession Planning

Regulators expect financial institutions to have a formal succession plan for the ISO, IT administrator, and other key leadership roles, as indicated by the uptick in exam findings related to this issue. Depending on their size, type, and goals, institutions may employ different approaches for succession planning. They can identify and train someone to serve as an alternate or “backup” for various IT or ISO responsibilities, incorporate an internal committee or team approach for managing IT and information security, or use the support of a trusted third party to maintain IT and information security standards.

3. Partnering with a Trusted Third Party

An outside expert can provide an objective perspective that can help institutions think beyond the day-to-day issues and consider risk more proactively and strategically. Bringing in a technology partner on the front end—when things are going well—can also position institutions to be stronger and more successful in the future. For instance, a virtual information security officer (VISO) can expand an internal ISO’s capabilities and increase the likelihood that all ISO-related tasks are completed in a timely and efficient manner. A VISO can also provide an external layer of oversight to enable the required separation of duties.

ISOversight®, our virtual ISO service, makes it easier for financial institutions to master information security and manage compliance online. ISOversight is a comprehensive solution with a full suite of applications and resources, cyber risk reporting, and dedicated compliance specialists. It’s uniquely designed to help banking institutions enhance their strategies to improve IT management, information security, and compliance. With ISOversight, community banks and credit unions can ensure that no information security issues fall through the cracks—especially during challenging times.

For more information about how to enhance your institution’s security posture, read the full white paper on “Building IT and Information Security Resiliency in Chaotic Times.”

26 May 2022
Community Banks Use CloudInsight M365 Security Basics to Increase Security

Community Banks Use CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics to Increase Security

Community Banks Use CloudInsight M365 Security Basics to Increase Security

To meet the challenges of escalating cyber threats and constantly evolving technology, organizations must have appropriate security measures in place to protect their network, data, and other assets. Financial institutions that use Microsoft Azure Directory and M365 can capitalize on CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics to ensure they have the right security, identity, and compliance settings to keep their information safe in the Cloud. The product fills a critical need because Microsoft is always enabling and disabling features in Azure AD and M365, which can make it difficult for institutions to maintain the best security settings.

M365 Security Basics increases the visibility of potential security risks through three main services:

  • Reporting — The delivery of user-friendly Microsoft data
  • Alerting — Notifications of common indicators of compromise
  • Quarterly Reviews — Expert analysis and consultations

Here are two case study summaries to show how different institutions are using CloudInsight M365 Security Basics to gain better visibility into their cloud security and Microsoft settings:

Affinity Bank

Atlanta-based Affinity Bank wanted to get a better handle on potential security threats—particularly those relating to email. It implemented CloudInsight M365 Security Basics to prevent compromised user accounts, unknown users and forwarders, unapproved email access, and other risks. “Being able to receive alerts when attempted logins from outside of the country come through is a big reason why we were interested in the product,” said Senior Vice President and Chief Operations Robert Vickers. Just having the ability to put in preventative features blocking employees from sending or setting up a forward to an external email address was another plus for Affinity Bank. With almost $800 million in assets, three locations across Georgia, and a long-term relationship with Safe Systems, Affinity Bank anticipates significant improvement in its cloud security and overall security posture thanks to M365 Security Basics’ monitoring, alerting, and other tools. Aside from the tools that M365 Security Basics provides for Affinity Bank, the real advantage given to the bank is the relationship with Safe Systems. “The team at Safe Systems has been able to provide us with great expertise on exactly where we need to go, what we need to do, and best practices to get us there,” said Vickers. “Almost immediately after we signed on for CloudInsight, they gave us recommendations we could implement straight away.” Read more.

Franklin Bank & Trust Company

Since its inception in 1958, Franklin Bank & Trust Company has prioritized adapting to constant changes in technology to maintain its security. M365 Security Basics proved to be the ideal solution for the Franklin, Kentucky-based community bank, which has $700 million in assets and five branches across the state. Since implementing CloudInsight M365 Security Basics, the bank achieved improved efficiencies in its cloud security and settings. After the initial meeting with the new service, reports came back with deficiencies that the bank didn’t even know it had and that could expose them to potential data breaches and threats. They were able to tighten up privacy settings, including the bank’s Microsoft OneDrive, and impose conditional access policies to ensure data was protected. “Adding CloudInsight M365 Security Basics to our roster has really shone a light on our whole Microsoft cloud footprint. It has shown us which areas we need to shore up and, in turn, has made our bank more efficient and secure,” said IT Project Manager Aaron Miller. Read more.

Learn More

CloudInsight M365 Security Basics is a flexible, cost-effective solution that institutions can incorporate based on their specific priorities and requirements. While Affinity Bank used M365 Security Basics to primarily address email management, Franklin Bank & Trust Company wanted to gain better overall visibility into Microsoft security settings. In both cases, M365 Security Basics fit the bill. Depending on their license, financial institutions can use M365 Security Basics to customize a wide array of security settings in Azure AD, M365, and Exchange Online. This includes OneDrive and SharePoint Sharing; Teams and External Collaboration; and the Protection, Security, Compliance, and M365 Admin centers. Institutions can further enhance cloud security by adjusting the settings associated with Azure AD Premium P1, Intune, and Azure Information Protection. They can also apply conditional access policies, password protection, and a myriad of other security features.

For more information about how your institution can optimize Microsoft security settings to improve cloud security, download our white paper on “Azure and M365 Security Basics.”

19 May 2022
The Relationship Between the ISO and IT Administrator

The Relationship Between the ISO and IT Administrator

The Relationship Between the ISO and IT Administrator

IT administrators (IT admins) and information security officers (ISOs) have independent yet interdependent roles that are critical to their financial institution’s security, regulatory compliance, and overall success. Both individuals must maintain a separation of duties yet work closely together to achieve a common goal: ensuring their organization’s day-to-day activities appropriately support its policies and procedures.

ISO Responsibilities

ISOs oversee everything from network security (including cybersecurity) to vendor management, to strategic alignment of IT initiatives, to general information security regulatory compliance, all of which require having on-demand access to relevant, timely, and actionable information.

ISOs rely heavily on IT administrators to share data about the network, so they can translate that data into the information that will allow them to perform their duties effectively. Therefore, reports are an integral aspect of the IT admin-ISO relationship. ISOs depend on the data provided by IT admins to complete the enterprise-wide thinking and strategic planning that is needed to protect the bank’s information and other assets.

For example, an IT admin might extract data about the number of devices that have been updated with the latest patches and report this information to the ISO. The ISO would certainly be interested in the status of all devices but would most keenly be interested in the exceptions—the devices that have not been patched—as even a single unpatched device could represent a significant risk to the organization. In addition, the ISO must further evaluate the root cause behind the exceptions: do they represent a predictable lag between patch rollout and installation that will be resolved during the normal course of reboots; or do they represent a procedural deviation or deficiency? If the latter, the ISO could make a recommendation to revisit patch management procedures and practices

IT Admin Responsibilities

IT administrators are responsible for a variety of tasks, including managing computer systems, IT personnel, information systems, data backups, and network security—and providing ISOs with essential information on all those activities. Since IT admins may have a small staff—or might be the only IT person in the department—and have privileged access to the network, institutions must closely oversee their position. According to the FFIEC Information Security Handbook, Section II.C.7(c) Segregation of Duties:

“System administrators, for instance, have the most powerful role in the user access process and have unlimited access to an institution’s information assets and technology. Given this extensive access, management should evaluate the process for determining which individuals should be granted system administrator privileges. Such access should be appropriately monitored for unauthorized or inappropriate activity.”

The ISO in combination with the IT Steering Committee provides an important checks-and-balances process to ensure all systems are being effectively managed and maintained, and that status reporting is reliable.

ISO and IT Admin Cooperation

It’s important to remember that although the ISO and IT admin roles must be independent, they are also complementary since both entities are responsible and accountable for making sense of the vast amount of data flowing through their institution.

Because ISOs must utilize the information supplied by IT admins to produce the reporting necessary to periodically update senior management and the Board, and to authoritatively interact with IT auditors and IT examiners, this relationship must be cooperative. By maintaining a close working relationship, ISOs and IT administrators can make sure their actions support the institution’s IT strategic plan. Done properly, a successful ISO- IT admin relationship should in no way be adversarial, it should be mutually beneficial to both parties, as well as to the institution as a whole.

Obtaining Third-Party Support

Regulators place a high priority on the continuity and consistency of leadership for effective information security. At times, financial institutions will have ISOs and IT administrators leave their position either temporarily or permanently. When this happens, it can be beneficial to employ an internal committee/team or a trusted third party to help manage IT and information security.

A third-party partner can provide additional support while the ISO position is vacant, help a new employee transition into the role, or simply provide another set of eyes and an external layer of oversight to supplement what they already have in place. Collaborating with an external information security expert cannot only help the institution think more objectively, strategically, and proactively about risk during a time of transition but also when things are running smoothly. This can prevent problems later and position the institution to be stronger and more successful in the future.

Financial institutions can take advantage of a wide range of external resources designed to support the ISO and IT administrator roles. For example, ISOversight™, our virtual ISO service, offers community banks and credit unions a complete solution to help them master information security and manage compliance online. With ISOversight, institutions can make sure nothing gets overlooked, so they stay on track—which is vital with the complexities and constant changes in the technology and security environments.

22 Apr 2022
More Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics

More Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics

More Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics

Banks and credit unions today face an ever-increasing number of cloud security hazards. Here’s the good news: Financial institutions that use Microsoft Active Directory (Azure AD) and Microsoft 365 can lower their risk by modifying their security settings for these services. Not only can this help the financial institution minimize threats, but it can allow them to customize the features of Azure AD and Microsoft 365 (previously called Office 365) to their specific preferences and requirements.

Organizations are responsible for managing Azure AD and its security settings because when they purchased M365 licenses, they established a Microsoft tenant with Azure AD. From a compliance perspective, adjusting Azure AD’s settings is crucial since Microsoft automatically enables certain features that may violate or conflict with compliance policies for organizations in regulated industries.

Optimizing /M365 and Exchange Online Settings

Depending on your institution’s licenses, there is a wide range of security and compliance settings you can customize in Azure AD, M365, and Exchange Online such as:

  • OneDrive and SharePoint Sharing: Review the default level of sharing to control the flow of data based on what is appropriate for your institution.
  • Teams and External Collaboration: Review the platform’s default security and compliance settings, and if they are not sufficient, you can block all external domains to keep users from communicating externally.
  • Exchange Online: Control access, how emails are transmitted, the types of messages users can send to recipients in external domains, and the devices or apps that can connect.
  • Protection Center: Use the Basic Mobility and Security feature to manage and secure the mobile devices that are connected to your Microsoft 365 organization.
  • Security Center: Optimize email management by employing anti-spam policies for inbound emails, blocking automatic forwarding of outbound emails, using phishing simulations, quarantining potentially harmful messages, and blocking messages from fake senders.
  • Compliance Center: Implement a retention policy to manage the data by proactively choosing how to retain or delete content.
  • M365 Admin Center: Use modern authentication‎ in ‎Exchange Online‎ to enhance your institution’s security with features like conditional access and multifactor authentication. (Microsoft‎ strongly recommends turning off basic authentication for your organization.)

More Ways to Boost Security

You can further enhance cloud security by modifying the settings related to Azure AD Premium P1, Intune, and Azure Information Protection (AIP) licenses. With Azure AD Premium P1, for instance, you can include your institution’s logo, color scheme, and other branding elements on your Azure AD sign-in pages. You can also employ the hybrid Azure AD joined devices, conditional access policies, and password protection features. Microsoft Intune integration lets you configure policies to control how your institution’s devices and applications are used, including smartphones, tablets, and laptops. And AIP allows you to use deep content analysis to minimize data loss and enhance the labeling capabilities of Microsoft 365 to protect documents and emails.

M365 Security Basics Can Help

There are countless security settings that can be adjusted in Azure AD and /M365, and Microsoft is always introducing new features. This can make it difficult for institutions to ensure they have the most appropriate security, identity, and compliance settings—but our CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics solution can make the process easier. M365 Security Basics is a collection of services designed to give community banks and credit unions a cost-effective way to manage their M365 settings. It offers reporting, the delivery of Microsoft data in a user-friendly format; alerting, notifications of the most common indicators of compromise; and quarterly reviews, expert analysis of M365 Security Basics reports, and explanations of the risk visible on the report and ways those risks may be mitigated.

To learn more about how to customize your institution’s Azure AD and M365 settings to bolster cloud security, access our “Microsoft Azure and M365 Security Basics” white paper.

30 Mar 2022
Get Prepared for the New Computer-Security Incident Notification Rule

Get Prepared for the New Computer-Security Incident Notification Rule

Get Prepared for the New Computer-Security Incident Notification Rule

As of April 1st, financial institutions are expected to comply with new cyber incident notification requirements for banking organizations and their third-party service providers. The Computer-Incident Notification Rule, as it’s officially called, is designed to give regulators early awareness of emerging threats to banking organizations and the broader financial system, including potentially systemic cyber events. The final rule—approved last November by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Federal Reserve, and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)—takes effect on April 1, 2022, with full compliance extended to May 1, 2022. (To date, the NCUA has not adopted the new rule, although it’s possible they may at some point. Credit Unions should check with their regulator for notification expectation specifics.)

Understanding the Regulations

To meet the upcoming deadline, financial institutions need to be well versed in the intricacies of the new rule. The rule has two components:

  1. The first part requires a banking organization to promptly notify its primary federal regulator of any “computer-security incidentthat rises to the level of a “notification incident.”
  2. The second part requires a bank service provider to notify each affected banking organization customer as soon as possible when the bank service provider determines that it has experienced a “computer-security incident” that has caused, or is reasonably likely to cause, a material service disruption or degradation for four or more hours.

Focusing on the financial institution expectations under the final rule, a couple of definitions must be understood.

  • A computer-security incident” could include almost anything: a hardware or software failure, an innocent mistake by an employee, or a malicious act by a cybercriminal. However, the incident must result in actual or potential harm to the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an information system or the information the system processes, stores, or transmits.
  • A “notification incident” is defined as a significant computer-security incident that has materially disrupted or degraded a banking organization in at least one of these areas:
  • its ability to carry out banking operations, activities, or processes, or deliver banking products and services to a material portion of its customer base in the ordinary course of business
  • its business line(s), including associated operations, services, functions, and support that, upon failure would result in a material loss of revenue, profit, or franchise value
  • its operations, including associated services, functions, and support, as applicable, the failure or discontinuance of which would pose a threat to the financial stability of the United States.

In the event an incident rises to the level of a “notification incident,” the banking organization’s primary federal regulator must receive this notification as soon as possible, and no later than 36 hours after the banking organization determines that a notification incident has happened.

Recognizing the Gray Areas

The words “material” and “materially” are key terms; so much so that they are used 97 times in the 79-page guidance about the ruling. But beyond an “enterprise-wide” impact, the regulation does not precisely define these concepts, so financial institutions will need to specify what this term means to their organization as a whole. And since a determination of materiality is a prerequisite to starting the 36-hour “clock” for notification, they should do so ahead of time. The undefined nature of “material” to each organization creates a gray area open for interpretation that not only allows institutions some flexibility in this area but also opens the door for differences in opinion between an institution and its regulator.

In another gray area, the rule does not impose any specific recordkeeping requirements, which is a reduced burden. However, we strongly recommend keeping at least basic documentation in case the examiners ever question why your institution did or did not decide to escalate an event from a computer-security incident to a notification incident, and why it started the “clock” when it did.

Preparing for the Unknowns

At this stage, there are some unknowns about the implications of the new cyber incident notification requirements. One of the unknowns discussed in our recent webinar was related to an official contact person and method for each primary federal regulator. This has since been addressed and we recommend incorporating the following verbiage into the regulator notification section of your Incident Response Plan:

FDIC institutions:

  • Notification can be made to the case manager (primary contact for all supervisory-related matters), to any member of an FDIC examination team if the event occurs during an examination, or if the primary contact is unavailable, the FDIC may be notified by email at:

OCC Institutions:

  • Notification may be done by emailing or calling the OCC supervisory office. Communication may also be made via the BankNet website, or by contacting the BankNet Help Desk via email ( or phone (800) 641-5925.

Federal Reserve Institutions:

  • Notification may be made by communicating with any of the Federal Reserve supervisory contacts or the central point of contact at the Board either by email to or by telephone to (866) 364-0096.

Another unknown as of the date of this post: Will the State banking regulators also require notification if a federal regulator is notified? The unofficial initial indication we have received is ‘Yes,’ but it would be good practice for institutions to check with their state regulator. Chances are regulators will request this, but whether or not it will be a requirement is still unknown.

Steps to Take Now

There are additional steps financial institutions can take now to be better prepared to address the requirements of the computer-Security Incident Notification Rule.

  • Our primary recommendation is for institutions to expand the notification section of their incident response plan to include the criteria for determination of a notification incident, and to add the regulator contact information above.
  • Institutions should also define “materially” for their organization and predetermine the meaning of “materially disrupted or degraded,” or what constitutes a “material portion” of their customer base.
  • Third-party contracts should contain verbiage obligating them to notify your institution under certain circumstances as required by the new rule. We also strongly advise designating an official contact person within your institution — whether it’s the CEO, CIO, or ISO — who should receive incident notifications from your third parties. It’s also prudent to specify a backup contact person—and make sure vendors know who the primary and alternate contacts are to ensure a smooth notification process.

For more information about this important topic, access our webinar on “New Cyber Incident Notification rules: How to Get Prepared”, or this recent blog post from Compliance Guru.

09 Mar 2022
Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics Continued

Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics Continued

Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics Continued

When your institution acquired Microsoft 365 (also known as M365 and formerly called Office 365), it automatically created a Microsoft tenant with Azure AD. Since that tenant belongs to your organization, you are responsible for managing Azure AD and its security settings. Microsoft Azure services enable various default features that could be incompatible with the security, identity, and compliance requirements of your institution. it’s essential to customize the settings in Azure AD, M365, and Exchange Online (or Azure AD Premium P1, Intune, and Azure Information Protection) to fit your organization’s needs.

Customizing Azure AD Defaults

  • Security Defaults — Turn on security defaults to make it easier for your institution to thwart cyberattacks by using preconfigured security settings. (If your tenant was created on or after October 22, 2019, security defaults may already be enabled in your tenant.)
  • Password Policy — Configure the password policy applied to every user account that is created and managed directly in Azure AD. (Institutions with on-premises AD password policies governing password expirations should expect to manually synchronize their Azure AD password policy and their on-premises AD password policy.)
  • Azure AD Device Registration — Prevent users from joining devices on their own and require multi-factor authentication (MFA) to register or join devices with Azure AD.
  • Enterprise and Registered Apps — Keep non-administrator users from arbitrarily adding enterprise or registered applications, which can significantly increase risk. Afterwards, make sure to review every enterprise and registered application.
  • External Collaboration — Restrict regular users from inviting guests for collaboration and keep guest users from signing into your apps and services with their own work, school, or social identities.
  • Hybrid Identity with Password Hash Synchronization — Employ a hybrid identity architecture to synchronize users from on-premises Active Directory to Azure AD to minimize the number of identities users have across various platforms.
  • Azure AD Administration Portal — Limit regular users’ ability to read data in the Azure AD Administration Portal.
  • Administrator Review — Grant administrators only the specific permission they need to do their job and limit the number of static Global Administrator role assignments to fewer than five people.
  • Partners – When working with Microsoft-certified solution providers (partners) to purchase and manage solutions for your institution, they could be granted Global/Helpdesk admin roles giving them delegated administrative capabilities to your Azure instance. Make sure to review all partners and their delegated rights regularly.

Altering M365 and Exchange Online Settings

In M365, you can customize a variety of settings. In OneDrive, SharePoint Online, and Teams, look at configuring external collaboration capabilities of users. For Exchange Online, there are many settings to review but one to start with is the current forwarding capabilities and settings for users both globally and per-user. Modifying or reviewing these settings is highly advisable since they are inherently designed to facilitate interaction and external collaboration. In addition, you can use the Protection Center to secure mobile devices that are connected to your Microsoft 365 organization; the Security Center to refine email management; the Compliance Center to implement an effective data retention policy; and the M365 Admin Center to enhance security with modern authentication, which encompasses MFA. (According to Microsoft, 99.9 percent of account compromises can be blocked with MFA.)

And with the proper license, you can further enhance cloud security by optimizing the settings for Azure AD Premium P1, Intune, and Azure Information Protection.

M365 Security Basics Solution

Once your institution has sufficient settings in place to support your policies, it is essential to monitor for exceptions with reporting and alerting features such as those provided with Safe Systems CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics solution. Financial institutions that partner with Safe Systems can gain critical visibility into their security settings helping them successfully navigate the complexities of optimizing M365’s features..

For more information about how your institution can optimize Azure AD and O365/M365 settings to improve cloud security, download our white paper on “Azure and M365 Security Basics.”

Important Disclaimer

The security settings that are discussed in this paper can have a dramatic impact on end-users and/or service functionality and should only be employed if deemed appropriate and after careful consideration. There are a variety of security options available, but organizations should strive to implement these technology services strategically and, ideally, through planned phases of objectives over potentially several months or even years. The recommendations, statements, and other concepts contained within this paper are provided primarily for the consideration of IT Administrators of financial institutions.

01 Mar 2022
Managing Security, Identity, and Compliance within the Microsoft Azure and M365 Ecosystem

Managing Security, Identity, and Compliance within the Microsoft Azure and M365 Ecosystem

Managing Security, Identity, and Compliance within the Microsoft Azure and M365 Ecosystem

It can be challenging for financial institutions to manage security, identity, and compliance within Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and Microsoft 365 (also known as M365 and formerly branded as O365). Understanding the services and settings of the Azure AD and M365 ecosystem can make the process easier for IT administrators.

Some of the basic security settings that apply to most organizations fall under the free license level for Azure AD. These are also some of the low-hanging fruit that institutions can easily implement to make a dramatic difference in their security.

Security Defaults

One of the settings that can have the biggest impact is security defaults, which can be enabled to enforce a set of non-configurable conditional access policies. The policy set in Azure includes the ability to require multifactor authentication (MFA) and MFA registration for all users. It also offers the capability to block legacy authentication, which should be a high-priority goal for any organization.

Hackers can exploit basic authentication to effectively bypass MFA, which is a fundamental security service we recommend that every institution implement. If your institution has gone through the effort of enforcing MFA for users—but you’re not blocking basic authentication explicitly—there’s a major security gap. That gap should be addressed immediately, especially given Microsoft’s plans to decommission basic authentication protocols in Exchange Online in October 2022.

Identity Considerations

It’s also crucial to review the identity architecture for your financial institution. Any user, device, or app connecting to Azure should have an identity, whether it’s a guest user, mobile device, Mac OS device, or a Windows computer, so it can be assigned data access rights or even take on administrative capabilities. Every identity outside of Active Directory—which is the primary identity for users in many institutions—is another attack vector in a different system. An effective way to manage different identities is to consolidate them by sourcing them at the AD level and then synchronizing users and their password hashes to Azure AD. You should also review the level of access for all administrators as well as partners as they represent a huge risk downstream. Reviewing the level of access for partners goes beyond security; it’s also a matter of regulatory compliance.

Additional Considerations

Depending on your institution’s license level, there are additional Azure and M365 settings you can adjust in the areas of protection, compliance, and administration. For example, global auditing is an essential setting that should be enabled to augment security and facilitate troubleshooting after attacks. You should also block settings allowing for open collaboration and outbound email forwarding to avoid data loss and minimize cyberattacks.

If your institution is at the M365 level, it also needs the mobile device management (MDM) platform that offers sufficient protection. Exchange Online has built-in MDM capabilities but these capabilities do not extend to all M365/O365 apps.

Conditional access policies govern sign-ins and attempts. They can enable the enforcement of MFA and are the highest control layer for determining who has access to the data within Azure’s security ecosystem.

Since data lives outside of Exchange Online in the M365 world, if your institution has specific compliance requirements for retention, your retention policies will generally need to extend to all data.

M365 Security Basics

Adjusting all the security settings of Azure AD and M365 can be a daunting task, especially since Microsoft is constantly updating the features of its technology services. Our CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics solution provides insights into security settings for Azure AD and M365 tenants. It helps IT administrators navigate the complexities of customizing their institution’s security settings through three services: reporting, alerting, and quarterly reviews.

The reporting service provides ongoing Microsoft data and packages it into a readable format that shows security settings at a glance, allowing institutions to easily see irregularities, such as when users sign in from Outside of the USA. Alerting sends a notification when an activity indicates that a potential compromise has occurred. With the quarterly reviews, trained experts analyze the settings, reports, and alerts and review them with administrators so they can speak with confidence to their board, steering committees, and auditors about their institution’s technology services and cloud security.

If you need help understanding how M365 Security Basics can support your financial institution’s risk mitigation or strategic planning efforts, contact us. You can learn more about this topic with our “How to Manage Security Identity and Compliance within the Microsoft Azure and M365 Ecosystem” webinar.

Important Disclaimer

The security settings that are discussed in this paper can have a dramatic impact on end-users and/or service functionality and should only be employed if deemed appropriate and after careful consideration. There are a variety of security options available, but organizations should strive to implement these technology services strategically and, ideally, through planned phases of objectives over potentially several months or even years. The recommendations, statements, and other concepts contained within this paper are provided primarily for the consideration of IT Administrators of financial institutions.

17 Feb 2022
Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics Featured Blog Image_Featured Image

Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics

Microsoft Azure and 365 Security Basics Featured Blog Image_Featured Image

Financial Institutions that employ Microsoft 365 (also known as M365 and formerly branded as Office 365) are in the Cloud, and therefore, face a growing number of cyber threats. Consider this: The FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) has seen a 400-percent increase in cybersecurity complaints since the pandemic started.

The surge in cybercrimes means financial institutions that use M365 need to focus on protecting their assets in the Cloud. Our CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics makes it easy and affordable for institutions to start the process. M365 Security Basics provides visibility into security settings for Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and M365. Banks and credit unions can leverage this multi-faceted solution to get ahead of cyber threats and enhance cloud security.

Importance of Customizing Your Azure AD and M365 Settings

Your financial institution likely has a Microsoft tenant with Azure AD, whether you realize it or not. This is partly because every exchange online and M365 implementation requires the creation of a Microsoft tenant and Azure AD, even if the services are managed through a third party. There are also many other scenarios requiring the creation a Microsoft tenant, making it rare for most institutions not to have one.

It is important to understand whether you have a Microsoft tenant with Azure AD because the tenant belongs to your institution—not the licensing reseller—it is your obligation to know how to manage the security settings in these systems, including Azure AD, M365, and Exchange Online. This can be challenging because Microsoft’s default settings might conflict with your institution’s security and compliance requirements. Therefore, you must customize these settings to create more sophisticated and appropriate security, identity, and compliance policies for your institution. This should entail building policies around what users are allowed to do, what your institution’s risk assessment defines, what your institution’s compliance policies dictate, and what users will tolerate.

Once your institution has sufficient policies in place, it is essential to monitor for exceptions with reporting and alerting. And with the proper license, you can further enhance cloud security by optimizing the settings for Azure AD Premium P1, Intune, and Azure Information Protection.

How M365 Security Basics Can Help

Microsoft is constantly adjusting its platforms and automatically enabling new features to adapt to an ever-evolving security environment, making it difficult for banks and credit unions to keep up. Partnering with a value-added technology expert like Safe Systems can help you better manage your M365 tenant. Our M365 Security Basics service identifies cloud security blind spots and common risks such as compromised user accounts, enabled insecure protocols, and targeted phishing or SPAM attacks.

M365 Security Basics key services:

  • Reporting – Collects Microsoft data that may not be readily available to institutions and assembles it in a user-friendly format
  • Alerting – Delivers notifications for the most common indicators of compromise in Microsoft M365 tenants
  • Quarterly reviews – Provide a vital, objective look at M365 Security Basics reports to help institutions determine the optimal security settings for their requirements

The Importance of MFA

An invaluable security control financial institutions should also consider implementing is multi-factor authentication (MFA). MFA applies a combination of factors to validate people’s identity before giving them access to sensitive data, account information, and other assets. MFA offers effective, low-cost protection against cyberattacks and other threats; and not implementing this security feature in Azure AD is risky. According to Microsoft, 99.9 percent of account compromises can be blocked with MFA, but the overall MFA adoption rate we have seen in the financial industry is only around 46 percent.

The bottom line: Microsoft is constantly enabling and disabling features in Azure AD and M365—, therefore, financial institutions must be able to manage the complexities of optimizing their security, identity, and compliance settings. To learn more about how your institution can customize Azure AD and M365 settings to enhance cloud security, read our “Azure and M365 Security Basics” white paper.

02 Feb 2022
Compliance Review and Tactics

2021 Compliance Review and Tactics for Staying Ahead of Regulators in 2022

Compliance Review and Tactics

With 2021 in the rearview and 2022 well underway, it’s a good time to consider some compliance issues from last year, and current trends and tactics for keeping ahead of regulators this year. In 2021, we saw a number of compliance-related changes from the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council’s (FFIEC) and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). One important development, especially for smaller community banks and credit unions, was the FDIC’s new Office for Supervisory Appeals. The office—launched in December to operate independently within the FDIC—considers and decides appeals of material supervisory determinations. It replaces the existing Supervision Appeals Review Committee.

The Office of Supervisory Appeals will “enhance the independence of the FDIC’s supervisory appeals process and further the FDIC’s goal of ensuring consistency and accountability in the examination process,” according to the FDIC. There’s a broad range of material supervisory determinations that institutions can appeal through the office, including CAMELS ratings under the Uniform Financial Institutions Rating System; IT ratings under the Uniform Rating System for Information Technology (URSIT); and Trust ratings under the Uniform Interagency Trust Rating System. This new appeal process isn’t a guarantee that supervisory findings will be changed but may prove useful as a last resort for FDIC institutions facing downgrades in scores where there is a material disagreement between the FI and the FDIC.

Another significant FFIEC development last year involved amendments to the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and anti-money laundering (AML) regulations. The BSA amendments included certain provisions to the USA Patriots Act to detect, deter and disrupt terrorist financing networks. This would appear to be an area of focus going forward, as 3 of the 10 most substantive (i.e., non appointment-related) FFIEC releases in 2021 were related to BSA/AML.

In June, the FFIEC issued a new Architecture, Infrastructure and Operations (AIO) booklet as part of its Information Technology Handbook. With this logical move, the FFIEC replaced its July 2004 Operations Handbook with a single booklet that merges three interconnected areas. In August the FFIEC also enhanced its guidance on authentication and access to services and systems—advocating for the widespread use of multi-factor authentication (MFA)—and released guidance on conducting due diligence on fintech companies.

One additional item of note in 2021; the FDIC’s tech lab, FDITECH, launched an initiative to challenge institutions to measure and test bank operational resiliency. Ultimately, a set of metrics may be applied to financial institutions—perhaps community banks in particular—to determine whether they are adequately resilient against operational disruptions. We’re keeping a close eye on this as it may lead to a universal formula for grading or ranking resilience. Anything that reduces subjectivity also reduces uncertainty, and that is a good thing when it comes to regulations.

Tips, Tricks, and Tactics

One of the main tactics to apply now to enhance compliance is to focus on the concept of resilience in all areas of the financial institution. Incorporate this concept into your business continuity management plan, vendor management program, third-party supply chain management, and information security. The key is to prepare in advance for a disruption—to put processes in place to reduce the possibility of disruption, and to minimize the impact of disruption should it occur.

Here’s another way to stay ahead of regulators: Financial institutions can connect the concept of risk appetite to the acceptable risk in their risk assessments. This goes beyond merely asserting that whatever residual risk you may have is deemed acceptable, which is highly subjective. Inherent risk less controls establish residual risk. However, residual risk levels must be compared to pre-determined risk appetite levels to determine acceptability. Only if the residual risk is less than or equal to their risk appetite can residual risk be considered acceptable. This process also reduces subjectivity and uncertainty—which should leave examiners and auditors much less room for interpretation, and result in a better audit/exam experience for you.

What to Consider in 2022 and Current Trends

Another area we’ll definitely be watching in 2022 involves the new incident notification rules that were issued late last year. All financial institutions will need to update their incident response plan and possibly their vendor management program and business continuity plans to accommodate these new regulations. These changes, while not necessarily difficult, can be pervasive in that they will cross over into multiple policies and procedures. In short, the rule requires institutions to notify their primary federal regulator as soon as possible—no later than 36 hours—after they determine that a notification incident has occurred. There are also new requirements for third parties to notify you if they experience a similar event, which could require changes to the vendor contract. The effective date of the new rule is April 1, 2022, with compliance expected to begin on May 1, 2022. There may be a grace period, but financial institutions should be prepared for examiners to ask questions about your adherence to these new rules at your next Safety and Soundness exam.

Regarding trends, we believe the focus on third-party risk management will continue in 2022 and into the future. Currently, there’s growing support for the idea of having the FDIC, Federal Reserve, National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) and other agencies coalesce around a single set of standards for third-party management. This would create more consistency with the rules concerning how regulators and others define third parties and vendors, and expectations for effective risk management. The outcome of the discussions around this topic may not manifest until Q3 or Q4 of this year, but institutions should work on formalizing their process for conducting due diligence when dealing with fintech companies and other critical vendors.

Safe Systems has been serving financial institutions for more than 25 years. To get more of our experts’ views on this topic, listen to our webinar on “Compliance Review and Tips, Tricks, and Trends for Staying Ahead of Regulators in 2022.”

19 Jan 2022
Balancing Strategy and Compliance

Balancing Strategy and Compliance: Addressing the Strategic Needs of Your Institution While Remaining Compliant

Balancing Strategy and Compliance

Banks and credit unions require a complex interconnected infrastructure to support their employees, serve customers, and maintain their operations. This entails an array of owned and outsourced elements: hardware, software, controls, processes, and evolving technologies such as cloud, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, and more. In addition, effective data governance and data management are fundamental to maintaining the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. The data management process is highly regulated and financial institutions are under increasing pressure when trying to balance the strategic needs of their organization with the increased demands for remote employees and online customers.

Evolving Remote Workforce and Customer Base

Over the past couple of decades, advancements in communication and technologies have allowed for a more mobile workforce and customer base, and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic quickly intensified this trend. During the first year of the pandemic, Gartner conducted a survey that found 82% of businesses intended to allow remote work at least part of the time, with 47% of companies allowing it full time. Although 2o20 represented a significant increase in remote work and digital engagement, the trend seems to be continuing for the foreseeable future. According to Upwork’s Future Workforce Report 2021, 40.7 million American professionals, nearly 28% of respondents, will be fully remote in the next five years, up from 22.9% from the last survey conducted in November 2020.

This trend requires adding more technology and devices to enable online access to financial services, and to enable secure access to the information and other resources needed for remote workers to perform their duties away from the office. Banking customers want convenient access to financial services, whether through a physical location, the internet, or a mobile app, and institutions need the tools and techniques to keep them secure. With more devices in the hands of employees and customers, there are many more vectors for cyberattacks and way more endpoints to secure. Even institutions that have been trying to avoid the risks that come with enabling remote engagement are forced to reevaluate the costs and benefits.

Increasing Regulatory Requirements

Privacy and data security have become key compliance issues for financial institutions as they adapt to accommodate employees and customers who prefer to work and bank remotely. From a regulatory standpoint, the Federal Financial Institution Examination Council (FFIEC) has always expected financial institutions to have data management controls in place to protect data in physical and digital forms wherever the data is stored, processed, or transmitted. This includes any data relating to the organization, its employees, and its customers. “The data management process involves the development and execution of policies, standards, and procedures to acquire, validate, store, protect, and process data,” states the FFIEC IT Handbook’s Architecture, Infrastructure, and Operations booklet. “Effective data management ensures that the required data are accessible, reliable, and timely to meet user needs.”

The FFIEC requires institutions to follow a wide range of other guidelines and procedures, which are reflected in various FFIEC booklets and include:

  • Governance – Management should promote effective IT governance by establishing an information security culture that promotes an effective information security program and the role of all employees in protecting the institution’s information and systems.
  • Know-your-customer – Financial institution management should choose the level of e-banking services provided to various customer segments based on customer needs and the institution’s risk assessment considerations.
  • Resilience – Financial institutions are responsible for business continuity management (BCM), which is the process for management to oversee and implement resilience, continuity, and response capabilities to safeguard employees, customers, and products and services.

Strategic Compliance Solutions

With so many compliance issues to address, it can be difficult to balance the needs of your financial institution, your remote workers, and your customers. Safe Systems has a team of compliance experts and a broad range of compliance solutions to help you manage government regulations, information security, and reporting efficiently. Our team of compliance experts are trained in banking regulations, hold numerous certifications, and are laser-focused on delivering the tools and knowledge to give you compliance peace of mind.

30 Dec 2021
Our Top Blog Posts of 2021

Our Top Blog Posts of 2021

Our Top Blog Posts of 2021

With a new year approaching, it’s a good time to review some of the key discussions from the past year. Read these highlights from our top blog posts of 2021, to help your financial institution refine key operational strategies for 2022 and beyond:

1. 2021 Hot Topics in Compliance: Mid-Year Update

Although the COVID-19 pandemic isn’t over, financial institutions have learned valuable lessons so far. Key impacts have been primarily operational, involving risks related to temporary measures taken to weather the crisis. In addition, there are important compliance trends and new regulatory guidance institutions should anticipate going forward. Ransomware cybersecurity has been a key area of focus for regulators, and given the recent high-profile cyber events affecting the industry, their scrutiny will likely increase in the future. This will be reflected, in part, by the number of (and types of) assessments that regulators might expect institutions to perform annually. These assessments from various state and federal entities include the Cybersecurity Assessment Tool (CAT), the optional Ransomware Self-Assessment Tool (R-SAT), the Cybersecurity Evaluation Tool, and the modified Information Technology Risk Examination for Credit Unions (InTREx-CU). In addition, there have been major shifts with cyber insurance, and the FFIEC released a new Architecture, Infrastructure, and Operations booklet in its Information Technology Examination Handbook series. Read more.

2. The 4 “R’s” of Disaster Recovery

Maintaining an effective approach to disaster recovery can help financial institutions satisfy regulatory requirements, better protect themselves from the effects of negative events, and improve their ability to continue operating after a disaster. There are four important “R’s” that institutions should concentrate on for disaster recovery: recovery time objective ( RTO ), recovery point objective ( RPO ), replication , and recurring testing .

RTO is the longest acceptable length of time a computer, system, network, or application can be down after a disaster happens. When establishing RTOs, prioritizations must be made based on the significance of the business function and budgetary constraints. The RPO is the amount of time between a disaster occurring and a financial institution’s most recent backup. Essentially, the RPO will be determined by the institution’s technology solution and risk tolerance. DR replication entails having an exact copy of an institution’s data available and remotely accessible when an adverse event transpires. The best practice is to keep one backup copy onsite and another offsite in a different geographic location that’s not impacted by the disaster. Recurring testing allows institutions to identify key aspects of their DR strategy and adjust as needed to accomplish their objectives. Regular testing can expose potential problems in their DR plan so they can address these issues immediately. Read more.

3. Segregation of ISO Duties Critical to Network Security and Regulatory Compliance for FIs

It’s crucial for financial institutions to maintain distinct duties between their information security officer (ISO) and network administrator to ensure network security, regulatory compliance, and the health of their operations. There should be at least one designated ISO who is responsible for implementing and monitoring the information security program and who reports directly to the board or senior management—not to IT operations management. The significance of segregating the ISO’s duties comes down to oversight: Separating ISO and network administrator tasks helps to create a clear audit trail and ensures risk is being accurately assessed and reported to senior management . It also allows the ISO to provide another “set of eyes” that help to maintain a level of accountability to management, the board, and other stakeholders. The ISO’s independent role primarily serves to ensure the integrity of an institution’s information security program . Financial institutions can also use a virtual ISO to create an additional layer of oversight on top of what they have in place internally. Read more.

Discover these and other key topics about banking compliance, security, and technology on the Safe Systems blog.

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28 Dec 2021
Cybersecurity Insurance and Multi-Factor Authentication

Cybersecurity Insurance and Multi-Factor Authentication

Cybersecurity Insurance and Multi-Factor Authentication

Financial institutions are increasingly embracing cybersecurity insurance as an important aspect of their information security program. Cyber insurance can offer vital coverage to protect businesses from various technology-related risks. Data breach insurance, for example, helps companies respond if personally identifiable information gets lost or stolen from their computers—whether intentionally by a hacker or accidentally by an employee. Cyber liability insurance offers expanded protection to help businesses prepare for, respond to, and recover from cyberattacks.

As cybercrimes continue to intensify, more cybersecurity insurance companies are calling for organizations to employ multi-factor authentication (MFA). Some carriers are even refusing to provide insurance quotes to companies that are not using this authentication method. From their perspective, MFA adoption makes perfect sense; it keeps unauthorized individuals from accessing sensitive information, reducing ransomware, data breaches, and other cyberattacks. This, in turn, minimizes insurance claims and saves carriers money.

For insurance providers, MFA is appealing because it lowers cyber risk by requiring users to verify who they are. The individual must furnish valid identification data followed by at least one other credential: a password, one-time passcode, or physical characteristics like their fingerprint or face. This strict authentication system allows organizations to certify people’s identity—before granting them access to sensitive information, an account, or other assets—and this can significantly strengthen their security.

While MFA is heavily promoted by many cyber insurance companies, an institution’s regulators may not require financial institutions to use multi-factor authentication. However, implementing MFA for a whole internal network may not be a simple task. Depending on the solution, it may require installing agent software to all the endpoints requiring MFA and configuring appropriate “break-glass” accounts for emergency use, which creates more infrastructure to be monitored and managed.

MFA Implementation Tips

To simplify MFA implementation, Banks and credit unions can apply a sequenced strategy instead of jumping straight to the internal network. As a first step, institutions can ensure MFA is turned on for all remote-access users, including creating endpoint control policies for their devices. The next logical step would be to lock down MFA for cloud applications. This includes Microsoft Online services like M365 (formerly Office 365) and Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). These solutions come with a variety of free security features that organizations can customize to their business requirements. Even at low licensing levels, these products allow MFA to be turned on for all users—which can be highly effective for averting business email compromise and ransomware attacks. But institutions will need higher-level licensing if they want to make conditional access policies based on the specific location, identity, or device of users. Azure AD Premium P1 and M365 Enterprise E3, for example, have a variety of advanced features that allow conditional access policies to be established to enhance security.

MFA is just one layer of security for banks and credit unions to consider. We hope this post provided some insight into applying MFA for both security and insurance purposes. To learn more about this topic and other security layers, listen to our recent “Ransomware, Cybersecurity, and MFA” webinar, hosted by our Chief Technology Officer, Brendan McGowan.

08 Dec 2021
5 Compliance Lessons Learned in 2021 to Bring into the New Year

5 Compliance Lessons Learned in 2021 to Bring into the New Year

5 Compliance Lessons Learned in 2021 to Bring into the New Year

As the challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic persist, there are important compliance trends and new regulatory guidance that financial institutions should consider to ensure they are well prepared to begin the New Year.

Accounting for Operational Risk

During the pandemic, banks and credit unions have made necessary adjustments that have increased their operational risk. Two prime examples are switching to a remote workforce and accommodating a more remote customer base. Having employees work remotely extends an institution’s network out to that endpoint and, in effect, broadens security considerations to that point as well. Serving a remote customer base—including expanding e-banking and implementing electronic signatures—creates a similar risk. Security implications multiply as more employees and customers access services electronically.

Rapid changes in operational practices and increases in fraud and cyberthreats can cause a heightened operational risk environment if not properly managed. Examiners will want an account of how institutions determined what changes were necessary, how those modifications were implemented, whether those changes were temporary or permanent, and if controls (primary and compensating) have been adjusted for any resulting operational risk increases. They will review the steps management has taken to evaluate and adjust controls for new and modified operational processes. For instance, for permanent changes, did the institution factor in the operational risk of downtime relating to the new processes?

As a measure of governance effectiveness, examiners will also very likely:

  • Assess actions that management has taken to adapt fraud and cybersecurity controls to address the heightened risk associated with the altered operating environment.
  • Review management’s post-crisis efforts to assess the controls and service delivery performance capabilities of third parties.
  • Consider how imprudent cost-cutting, insufficient staffing, or delays in implementing necessary updates impacted the control environment.

Temporary vs. Permanent Changes

For the most part, because we are still dealing with the impact of the virus and its variants, institutions have chosen to maintain many of the temporary measures they implemented during the pandemic. So, because they may have rolled out the changes anticipating an eventual rollback, it may be necessary to “backfill” some documentation to address what is now permanent. Examiners will want to know if the changes were properly risk-assessed prior to implementation, including any new processes and interdependencies. Institutions should be able to provide a report to regulators if they ask—and ensure their board is appropriately updated. This could be a matter of going back and reviewing previous board reports to ensure that any gaps in their risk management reporting were addressed and properly reported to the board.

Ransomware Self-Assessment Tool (R-SAT)

With the pervasive occurrence of cyberattacks, regulators are increasingly concerned about cybersecurity, particularly reducing ransomware. Consequently, regulators in some states are more aggressive than others about having institutions fill out the Ransomware Self-Assessment Tool (R-SAT), which is based on the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) cybersecurity framework. However, most state regulators we’ve spoken with are not going to make completing the R-SAT compulsory—although they may recommend it. If they do, the majority of what is asked by the 16-question tool should already be in place in the institution’s existing incident response and business continuity plans. Your decision to complete or not should be based on a self-assessment of your existing efforts in this area.

Regulatory Updates

New Architecture, Infrastructure, and Operations (AIO) Booklet

Earlier this year, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) revamped its Information Technology Examination Handbook series with a new Architecture, Infrastructure, and Operations booklet. The revised guidance provides examiners with fundamental examination expectations about architecture and infrastructure planning, governance and risk management, and operations of regulated entities. Credit unions, banks, and non-financial, third-party service providers are expected to comply with the new guidance, which replaces the original “Operations” booklet issued in July 2004.

The FFIEC indicates that the release of the updated booklet is warranted because of the close integration between institutions’ architecture, infrastructure, and operations. “Updates to the booklet reflect the changing technological environment and increasing need for security and resilience, including architectural design, infrastructure implementation, and operation of information technology systems,” explains a June 2021 FFIEC press release.

An important component of the new booklet is the resilience and proactive measures that must be built into an institution’s AIO components. Importantly, the handbook also recognizes special treatment for smaller or less complex entities, which is reasonable because examiners are starting to indicate that smaller entities will often implement these concepts differently from large, multinational, multi-regional financial organizations, while still achieving the same objectives. The refreshed guidance also takes a different approach to data classification; it factors in value, along with criticality and sensitivity. However, (and this is consistent with all FFIEC Handbooks released in the past 3 years) the new booklet states that it does not impose requirements on entities; instead, it describes principles and practices examiners will review to assess an entity’s AIO functions. (Of course, we have always found that anything an examiner may use to evaluate, or grade, your practices becomes in effect a de facto requirement.) A much deeper dive into the booklet is here.

New Cyber Incident Notification Rules

Another big update that will impact 2022 and beyond, the new cyber incident notification rules. Officially called “Computer-Security Incident Notification Requirements for Banking Organizations and Their Bank Service Providers”, they were proposed and submitted for comment in early 2021, approved in November 2021, and become effective in April 2022. Visit our partner site,, to read the latest post and gain an understanding of how these rules will impact both you and your third-party providers going forward.

To learn more about these and other critical compliance topics, listen to our webinar on “2021 Hot Topics in Compliance: Mid-Year Update.”

06 Dec 2021
How Layered Security Can Address Growing Cyberthreats

How Layered Security Can Address Growing Cyberthreats

How Layered Security Can Address Growing Cyberthreats

With the increasing complexity of cyberattacks, financial institutions need to implement more effective—and comprehensive—security measures. They need a variety of elements to create a layered approach to secure their data, infrastructure, and other resources from potential cyberthreats.

Many organizations rely on a castle-and-moat network security model where everyone inside the network is trusted by default. (Think of the network as the castle and the network perimeter as the moat.) No one outside the network is able to access data on the inside, but everyone inside the network can. However, security gaps may still exist in this model and others. The best approach to compensate for gaps is to surround the network with layers of security.

The basic “table stakes” for a layered security approach include a perimeter firewall with content filtering, email threat filters, an endpoint malware solution, and a robust patch management process. Banks and credit unions could also invest in additional and more sophisticated layers but each one will have associated acquisition and management costs, along with ongoing maintenance. So, it’s prudent for institutions to invest only in the number of layers/solutions they can competently manage.

Key Concerns

Today the top IT security concern for many organizations is ransomware. Due to the proactive measures many financial institutions have taken, the banking industry has fewer security breaches than health care and some other industries thus far. However, when a breach does happen to a financial institution, the impact is more costly than breaches occurring in other industries.

Four-Layer Security Formula

With these concerns in mind, here’s a four-layer “recipe” organizations can employ to improve their security posture:

  • Training and Testing: Using email phishing tests can serve as a good foundation for minimizing BEC and other social engineering threats.
  • Network Design: Institutions should refresh older networks to segment their components into different zones. It’s no longer sufficient to have servers, workstations, and printers sitting in one IP space together.
  • Domain Name System (DNS) filtering: DNS filtering prevents potentially damaging traffic from ever reaching the network. Because it proactively blocks threats, this makes it one of the most effective and affordable security layers institutions can apply.
  • Endpoint Protection: Institutions should have this type of protection on each of their endpoints, and the best endpoint protection tools have built-in ransomware solutions.

Other Important Considerations

It’s important to back up data regularly and ensure that those backups are well beyond the reach of ransomware and other threats. (Backups done to a local server that’s on-site and are still on the network may be susceptible to ransomware.) One way to address this issue is to have immutable backups, which are backup files that can’t be altered in any way and can deploy to production servers immediately in case of ransomware attacks or other data loss. Another option is to send backups to a cloud solution like Microsoft Azure Storage, which is affordable and easy to integrate because there are no servers to manage.

Another crucial element in security is Transport Layer Security/Secure Sockets Layer (TLS/SSL) encryption protocol, which can be somewhat of a double-edged sword. About 80 percent of website traffic is encrypted to protect it from unauthorized users during transmission. Traditional firewalls don’t have the ability to scrutinize traffic against a content filtering engine, which means savvy hackers can hide ransomware and other dangerous content inside. But firewalls with advanced features are capable of TLS/SSL inspection; they can decrypt content, analyze it for threats, and then re-encrypt the traffic before entering or leaving the network.

There’s an array of security solutions that institutions can implement to establish layered protection against cyber threats. For more insights about this topic, listen to our webinar on “Cyber Threats, Why You Need a Layered Approach.”

23 Nov 2021
Importance of Security Layers

Importance of Security Layers

Importance of Security Layers

In the past, it wasn’t uncommon for organizations to maintain basic information security: a firewall, anti-malware software, and maybe a few other resources. But modern operating environments require financial institutions to go beyond limited measures and implement multiple security layers to protect their sensitive information, infrastructure, and other assets.

Today banks and credit unions have a variety of elements that comprise their computer networks, and these components require numerous security solutions for them to operate securely. There’s no such thing as having too many solutions—although some entities invest in more resources than they can competently manage. The most appropriate approach is for institutions to employ all the security layers they can afford to pay for and oversee effectively.

The security landscape has changed significantly over the years. With the evolution of technology, cybercriminals are launching more frequent and sophisticated attacks against organizations. (The bad guys have it easy; they only have to get it right once. Security professionals, on the other hand, have to get it right all the time.) Currently, the top security threats for financial institutions are a remote workforce, ransomware, and the Internet of Things devices like webcams, Amazon Alexa, and Google Chromecast.

Security Considerations

Financial institutions often select security products based on what their security posture requires to pass exams. But the emergence of new threats is motivating more institutions to select solutions not just based on examiner expectations, but to also consider what is essential for operational safety. Generally, the security products that institutions invest in are determined by their cost and ability to mitigate risk.

For the most part, the financial services industry is interested in solutions that require minimal management involvement and customization to be effective. The industry also tends to adopt solutions once they’ve reached a certain level of commoditization and are priced lower. For example, well-commoditized solutions like anti-virus agents and anti-ransomware tools allow institutions to protect against expensive threats for the minimum cost. An effective anti-malware agent—especially one with some specific anti-ransomware technology—is another essential layer for endpoint protection.

Ultimately, increased competition leads to technology innovation and consolidation. A good example of this is what’s happened with firewalls. Implementing a firewall used to equate to a simple router that separated public and private networks. Things evolved when people began adding dedicated appliances like intrusion detection and prevention systems, antivirus gateways, web content filters, and other technologies. Through commoditization, these different elements became consolidated into the firewall to create a unified threat management system. More recent innovations that allow institutions to inspect encrypted traffic and sandbox potentially hazardous traffic have ushered in the next-generation firewall.

Going Beyond Basic Requirements

A fundamental requirement for layered security is multi-factor authentication (MFA), which involves several elements for validating the identity of users. While some organizations have concerns about MFA negatively impacting user experience, the technology provides an advanced level of protection that strengthens security.

Transport Layer Security is now implemented to secure over 80% of web traffic. The TLS protocol is used to encrypt data between a web browser and a website. While this is great for user privacy, it prevents institutions from inspecting all user traffic for threats. Transport Layer Security (TLS) Inspection has become a more common—and critical—security tactic for financial institutions. TLS inspection allows institutions to decrypt and inspect TLS traffic, so they can filter out malicious information and protect their network.

The increased adoption of endpoint security and other innovative technologies is making it easier for financial institutions to implement a layered approach to security. Safe Systems offers a wide range of security solutions to help community banks and credit unions incorporate multiple levels of protection to enhance their security posture.

16 Nov 2021
Using the Free Features of Microsoft Azure AD and O365/M365 to Enhance Cloud Security

Using the Free Features of Microsoft Azure AD and O365/M365 to Enhance Cloud Security

Using the Free Features of Microsoft Azure AD and O365/M365 to Enhance Cloud Security

Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and Office 365/M365 have a variety of free security settings that financial institutions can customize to their needs. These settings are important because they can enhance an institution’s cloud environment and operational security—and they’re available to everyone with Azure AD or O365/M365. Remember, even if the license was acquired through a third party, your institution is still responsible for managing all the security features of these cloud-based solutions.

Be aware that while adjustments made to the defaults can strengthen your cloud security, they will also impact the way people use the products. For instance, multifactor authentication (MFA) is a great first step at improving the security of your cloud environment but does impact how your users will log in.

Here are some other important free security settings you can optimize in Azure AD and/or O365/M365 to enhance security:

  • Global Auditing — The global auditing feature logs events that happen across Azure AD and O365/M365. It is advisable to enable Global Auditing. The information gained with this feature can help troubleshoot problems and investigate issues. Once Global Auditing has been enabled, it can take about 24 hours for the new setting to take effect.
  • Alert policies — Alert policies are designed to help you monitor threats against your existing resources. There are default built-in policies, and you can also create additional custom policies for free on your own. Keep in mind, you need to set the target recipient(s) for these policies.
  • Sharing in Microsoft OneDrive and SharePoint — Since these products were created to foster collaboration, their default setting is normally set to enable external data sharing. This allows users to create anonymous access links that make it possible for anyone in any organization with OneDrive and SharePoint to sign in and view their information. It is recommended that you review the level of sharing to control the flow of data based on what is appropriate for your organization.
  • External access in Microsoft Teams — Teams is set up by default to make it easy for individuals to connect with users located anywhere in the world, even in other organizations. You should review the platform’s security and compliance settings to ensure it fits your organization’s standards. You can block all external domains to restrict users’ ability to communicate externally.
  • Enterprise applications — Enterprise apps can represent a huge risk if users have the freedom to add them on their own. You can change the security setting to prevent anyone from randomly adding apps without the administrator’s approval. When this feature is activated, Microsoft will block users’ attempts to add apps and notify the administrator, who can approve or deny their requests.
  • Application registrations — Similarly, institutions can alter their security features to block users from registering any applications. There’s rarely a reason to allow users without administrative rights to create app registrations, so reviewing and/or adjusting this setting is essential.

Making these adjustments will help you to maintain control over users’ activities and tighten security. To learn more about M365 security topics, listen to our recent webinar, Ask the Experts: O-M365 Security Basics for IT Administrators.

Safe Systems’ M365 Security Basics solution provides visibility into these and other security settings and allows banks and credit unions to regularly monitor and review their configurations making it easier for them to manage their Azure AD and O365/M365 accounts.

05 Nov 2021
Minimize Examiner Scrutiny by Automating Compliance Processes

Minimize Examiner Scrutiny by Automating Compliance Processes

Minimize Examiner Scrutiny by Automating Compliance Processes

Financial institutions can expect to receive increased auditor and examiner scrutiny over their governance and oversight practices, and inconsistencies between procedures and practices will often result in findings. However, these challenges can be minimized or even eliminated by using automation to manage compliance processes.

Incorrect or Outdated References

One of the most widespread exam issues institutions encounter is due to policy inconsistencies, where incorrect or outdated references are used. Mentioning outdated guidance in policies is one of the most common offenses that institutions commit. For instance, referring to an older term like SAS 70 (Statement on Auditing Standards No. 70) or SSAE 16 (Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements No. 16) instead of the newer SSAE 21 (Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements No. 21) could be dismissed as a minor oversight, but it could also be considered a “red flag” causing examiners to question whether the institution has properly updated its policies, resulting in further scrutiny. A weakness in one area strongly suggests that there may be other weaknesses.

Another example of this type of issue is referencing “business continuity planning” (or BCP) versus “business continuity management planning” (or BCMP). Again, this would be a minor mistake because the term business continuity planning is not necessarily obsolete; still, it’s not consistent with the most recent guidance, and could lead to deeper dives in other areas. (In 2019, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) issued the Business Continuity Management booklet. This guidance, part of the FFIEC Information Technology Examination Handbook, replaces the Business Continuity Planning booklet issued in February 2015.)

The problem with employing slightly outdated terminology also applies to phrases like “maximum allowable downtime” (MAD) and “maximum tolerable downtime,” (MTD) which is the newer reference. Examiners and auditors will accept either phrase so this is not a critical issue, but the use of dated terms can instill doubt in examiners and make them inclined to dig deeper into the institution’s policies.

Procedure and Practice Inconsistencies

Disconnects between policies and practices are another frequent exam challenge for institutions. Ideally written procedures should not contain statements that contradict the institution’s actual practices. In other words, your actual practices should as closely as possible reflect what you say you’ll do in your written procedures. For instance, there would be a procedure/practice inconsistency if the password policy of the information security program required eight characters, and the acceptable use policy (AUP) that employees signed allowed passwords of a different length. This type of inconsistency will almost certainly lead to further issues with examiners and auditors.

Another key area of focus for examiners and auditors is board reporting. Disconnects can occur if the information presented to the Board is not properly documented in Board minutes. This challenge is compounded by the sheer volume of information modern Boards are required to digest. The only way to make sure board minutes contain all pertinent details is to periodically review them. This will help ensure that the content of board meetings is consistent with both examiner expectations, and your written procedures.

Integrating Automation

In addition to changes in guidance terminology or updates to guidance policies, an institution’s procedures can and do change periodically as well. So contradictory statements resulting from policy updates are inevitable. Still, financial institutions must be aware of guidance changes and must also ensure their current procedures align with their practices and are consistent across all documents to make sure they comply with industry guidance and regulations. While this is easier said than done, technology can make it easier for institutions by providing regular updates to accommodate changing regulations and trends as well as make it more feasible for them to identify inconsistencies between their policies and procedures.

For example, a simple way to assess your potential exposure to procedural disconnects is to search through the documents in your institution’s information security program, for statements that include the words “will,” “must” or “shall.” Each of these statements contains an obligation of some sort; something you’ve committed to doing. For each occurrence, determine if A) it’s being completed exactly as indicated, B) by the group or individual assigned responsibility, and C) it’s being performed at the designated frequency or interval. Automation can help track these tasks and provide the necessary proof in the form of documentation. Additionally, most policies will make multiple references to the same task; business continuity may be referenced in information security, incident response in business continuity, vendor management in both information security and business continuity, etc. A change to a procedure or practice in one document should automatically trigger the associated changes elsewhere.

Integrating automation into the equation can help institutions streamline their methods for managing a variety of compliance changes and issues and greatly reduce the most common causes of findings due to disconnects and inconsistencies. Automation can make it easier to maintain more consistent and complete integration in areas throughout the organization, including information security, risk management, network management, vendor management, and business continuity management. Ultimately, automated updating, tracking, reporting, and other tasks can facilitate better preparation for exams and audits, and greatly reduce stress levels!

To learn more about how automating routine procedures can help financial institutions avert auditor and examiner criticism, listen to our webinar on “Managing Your Compliance Processes in 2021: Is There a Better Way?”

If you’re not certain where to begin when it comes to automating your compliance processes, check out our new service, COMPaaS™ (Compliance as a Service). This set of connected applications and powerful monitoring and reporting tools can be customized to target and eliminate your institution’s specific compliance pain points. One of our experts will help you create a solution that is unique to your institution, so you only pay for the services you need. And you can feel confident in choosing from products and services that are backed by nearly 30 years of experience in the banking industry.

26 Oct 2021
Glennville Bank Strengthens Security Posture with CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics

Glennville Bank Strengthens Security Posture with CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics

Glennville Bank Strengthens Security Posture with CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics

Our CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics solution is helping community financial institutions increase their security posture. Take Glennville Bank, for example. The Georgia community bank, which has $312 million in assets, seven locations, and 66 employees, jumped at the chance to capitalize on the service to identify and secure threats to its Microsoft 365 settings. M365 Security Basics provided the bank with greater visibility into cloud security settings for Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and M365 tenants through reports and alerts.

Like most financial institutions, Glennville Bank leverages technology to better serve its customers and maintain its operations. Also, like other institutions, the bank has a variety of Microsoft licenses, and managing the security settings for these products became difficult and time-consuming, particularly for Glennville Bank’s network administrator, Zach Horn, who describes his proficiency with Microsoft as “fairly limited.”

“Given the complexity of our cloud tenant settings, I’m not comfortable enough with Microsoft or their updates to manage every setting correctly,” Horn explained. “With all the potential security risks out there, I knew I needed reports that could help me identify risky security settings, monitor identity controls, and ensure our configuration matches our information security policy.”

With M365 Security Basics, Glennville Bank was able to set data trends and identify several settings that needed addressing, such as creating a baseline for failed logins. The bank also discovered that its user access details were often inconsistent, and through the M365 Security Basics service they received easy-to-follow instructions for correcting the problem. “Safe Systems did a great job fine-tuning the product to the demographic we needed,” Horn said. “Their knowledge has been helpful in pointing me in the right direction in knowing which Microsoft licenses I need to go to in the future.”

Product Highlights

M365 Security Basics is the first offering in Safe Systems’ CloudInsight™ family of products. It’s specifically designed for community banks and credit unions that have Microsoft 365 products (Exchange Online, SharePoint, or OneDrive), use Azure AD, and store non-public information in the cloud. M365 Security Basics’ reporting, alerts, and quarterly reviews are customized to help financial institutions improve their cloud security awareness by identifying potential risks and common signs of compromise. The product is developed by engineers who hold dozens of certifications, including the Microsoft 365 Certified: Security Administrator Associate certification. M365 Security Basics makes it easier for institutions to monitor their configurations for current and new features that are automatically enabled by major cloud providers like Microsoft Azure.

The powerful reporting from M365 Security Basics enables financial institutions to review vital Microsoft cloud tenant settings. This allows them to recognize unsafe security settings, examine identity controls, make sure their configuration is consistent with their information security policy, and demonstrate this to examiners and stakeholders. Reports are available as “Summary” versions (with brief information, such as the Tenant Summary and User Summary) and “Details” versions with more in-depth data. (Glennville Bank uses the Tenant Summary to highlight important issues during IT steering committee meetings.)

M365 Security Basics also offers alerts and quarterly reviews as add-on services. Alerts provide notifications about the most common indicators of compromise (like unauthorized access) and are grouped under Azure AD Roles, Azure AD Sign Ins, OneDrive, SharePoint, and Exchange Online. The quarterly reviews give institutions a periodic, objective analysis of their recent M365 Security Basics reporting, so they can gain a better understanding of their Microsoft 365 tenant security.

CloudInsight™ M365 Security Basics not only helps financial institutions like Glennville Bank secure their information but also makes it easier to compile data required for examiners. Read the complete Glennville case study to see how your organization can benefit from M365 Security Basics.

21 Oct 2021
The Importance of Cybersecurity, not Just in October—but All Year Long

The Importance of Cybersecurity, not Just in October—but All Year Long

The Importance of Cybersecurity, not Just in October—but All Year Long

Do Your Part. #BeCyberSmart.

With October being Cybersecurity Awareness Month, it’s the opportune time for everyone to focus on online safety and to become more cyber savvy. This month, the Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and National Cyber Security Alliance (NCSA) are encouraging all Americans to do their part and be cyber smart. This means organizations and individuals need to own their role in protecting cyberspace, which requires taking personal accountability and proactive steps to enhance cybersecurity.

The first step to increasing cybersecurity is to understand its importance. Cybersecurity, according to the CISA, is the art of protecting networks, devices, and data from unauthorized access or criminal use and the practice of ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information. And the importance of applying effective strategies to keep computer systems and electronic data secure is growing as cybercrime rises. But the key to enhancing cybersecurity is to recognize the hazards that can threaten online safety: malware erasing an entire computer system; a hacker breaking into a system and altering files; someone using another person’s computer to attack others; or an intruder stealing credit card information and making unauthorized purchases.

To minimize the risk of cyberattacks, organizations should consider implementing these best practices from the CISA:

  • Keep software up to date by installing software patches to prevent hackers from taking advantage of known problems or vulnerabilities.
  • Run up-to-date antivirus software to automatically detect, quarantine, and remove various types of malware.
  • Install a firewall to prevent cyberattacks by blocking malicious traffic before it can enter a computer system.
  • Employ multi-factor authentication (MFA) to validate users’ identity.
  • Change default usernames and passwords, which are readily available and can be used by malicious actors.
  • Select strong passwords that will be difficult for attackers to guess and use different passwords for different programs and devices.
  • Beware of suspicious emails that may be engineered to steal information and money or install malware on devices. 

While taking precautions cannot guarantee complete protection against hackers, improving cybersecurity practices can certainly help. It’s also important to become more knowledgeable about effective strategies for reducing cybersecurity risks, which is a major goal of Cybersecurity Awareness Month. In addition, Cybersecurity Awareness Month, formerly called National Cybersecurity Awareness Month, strives to ensure that individuals and organizations have the resources they need to be safer online. People can take advantage of the CISA’s cybersecurity tips, cyber essentials, and other information to become more cyber smart—not just this month, but throughout the year.

Safe Systems also offers a wide range of resources to help financial institutions enhance their cybersecurity and protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of their information. Our multi-layered security suite, which is designed to protect vulnerability points inside and outside the network, includes DNS filtering, endpoint protection, next-generation firewall, security event log monitoring, and vulnerability monitoring. Community banks and credit unions can implement these security services to improve their cybersecurity posture, prevent cyberattacks and keep their operations running smoothly.

19 Oct 2021
What Makes a Successful Business Continuity Management Plan (BCMP)?

What Makes a Successful Business Continuity Management Plan (BCMP)?

What Makes a Successful Business Continuity Management Plan (BCMP)?

Minimizing the impact of disruptions of any kind, natural or man-made, or cyber should be a priority when it comes to the overall security of your institution. But how do you know if you’ve checked off all the important boxes?

A compliant and successful business continuity plan has the following components: Risk management (Business Impact Analysis, Risk/Threat Assessment); continuity strategies (Interdependency Resilience, Continuity, and Recovery); training and testing (aka Exercises); maintenance and improvement; and board reporting. In addition, the expanded FFIEC BCM IT Examination Handbook calls for all “entities” to rethink their approach to business continuity and be prepared to make appropriate plan revisions to meet these expectations.

To comply with regulatory requirements, it is important for institutions to not only understand the BCM process but also focus on an enterprise-wide, process-oriented approach that considers technology, business operations, testing, and communication strategies that are critical to business continuity management for the entire organization, not just the information technology department. It seems like a lot, but the risks an institution could face by not having a compliant and effective plan in place can be even more costly.

Don’t know where to start? We’ve developed a blog that walks you through the key requirements of BCMP, provides insight into the new guidance and the specific changes you may need to make to meet these expectations, and helps you ultimately determine what to include in the plan. View the original blog post here.

13 Oct 2021
Stories from the Front Lines

Stories from the Front Lines: How Real Financial Institutions Handled an O365/M365 Cloud Security Compromise

Stories from the Front Lines

Microsoft 365 (formerly Office 365) comes with an array of settings that customers can modify to enhance their security controls. When these settings are not effectively adjusted though, serious cloud security compromises can ensue. Our M365 Security Basics solution helps financial institutions detect and respond to potential problems. From our recent webinar, here are real-life stories about financial institutions (whose names have been changed) that had their cloud security compromised. See how they handled each situation, so you can learn what to do and not do to secure your O365/M365 account.

Loan Officer – Email Forwarding

Luke, a loan officer, is constantly emailing people inside and outside his organization. He often sends sensitive information but uses encryption to protect his outbound emails and multi-factor authentication (MFA) to protect his identity. Somehow his email account was compromised—for eight whole months—before the problem was discovered. Our M365 Security Basics reporting indicated there was an issue with his email being forwarded to an external domain. We worked with the IT administration team to confirm that a suspicious Yahoo address was not an authorized send-to address for the emails Luke had been receiving. The intruders’ cunning scheme involved a modified mailbox setting that predated Luke’s MFA setup and the other precautions Luke had implemented. We were able to resolve the compromise by removing the forwarding property. Moving forward, Luke’s IT team needs to keep a close watch to ensure the organization’s email accounts are protected.

IT Administrator – Global Auditing

Han works at a smaller organization and wears multiple hats as an IT, compliance, and security administrator. While he’s not well versed in cloud security, Han thinks the cloud is the best option for his organization. He selects various Microsoft cloud resources and works with a vendor to establish a tenant in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), which is a requirement for O365/M365. Han provisions his account administrative rights in Azure, synchronizes users and passwords, and gets help training end-users on Microsoft 365 services like OneDrive, SharePoint, and Teams. Then he notices an Azure AD account that he and his team have never seen—and the name of the account is strangely almost identical to an existing end-user. Han called our support staff for assistance and learned that his global administrator account had been compromised. To make matters worse, Han had left his security settings at defaults and had not enabled global auditing, which meant there was no way to determine what the attacker had changed in the system. The best solution was to move the organization’s data, email, and identities to a brand new Microsoft tenant. This extensive migration project could have likely been avoided if Han had enabled MFA and the proper audit settings.

HR – External Document Sharing

Human resources vice president Leah employs a variety of technologies to facilitate working from home and the office. Leah relies on the Cloud, and desktop and mobile apps to access documents on all her devices and enjoys using Teams to share files with others in her organization. Using these technology services has caused her to inadvertently place the company at risk of exposure and identity compromise because her IT administration team had not implemented the appropriate security controls for all their organization’s licensed technology services, creating a security gap. Luckily, the IT team received an M365 Security Basics alert for a file being shared externally in OneDrive, which is a common alert that we see. There was also enough data in the alert to indicate the multiple bad security, identity, and compliance practices that Leah has. The IT team resolved these issues by reducing the default sharing levels of SharePoint Online and OneDrive and retraining Leah on good and bad practices for security, identity, and compliance.

CEO – Multifactor Authentication

As the CEO of his organization, Chewy’s contact information is very public; his email address is prominently displayed on the company’s website, LinkedIn, and other social media platforms. Chewy uses multiple devices to get work done in the office and at home. He often signs into whatever computer is handy, whether it’s his or his wife’s laptop. Chewy’s account is under attack in Azure AD from a Russian IP. M365 Security Basics Alerting was able to notify his IT team of this by way of the Large Number of Failed Sign Ins for a Single User alert. Unfortunately, the IT department did not require MFA registration for most of the organization’s users, including Chewy, even after being alerted to the attack. The Russian attackers eventually compromised Chewy’s account. Once they did, our alerting engine promptly notified the IT team of a successful sign-in from outside of the USA, which they promptly responded to, limiting the amount of time the account was compromised.

Listen to the full stories or watch the complete webinar.

11 Oct 2021
What Financial Institutions Should Budget for in 2022

What Financial Institutions Should Budget for in 2022

What Financial Institutions Should Budget for in 2022

Many of us thought 2021 was going to be the downhill side of the pandemic. I recall working on a webinar presentation that we hosted last summer and including the words, “Now that the pandemic is behind us…” Obviously, I was overly optimistic. As we look ahead to 2022, we must acknowledge that the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to affect us to one degree or another. With that said, these budgeting ideas for 2022 may look somewhat similar to those for 2021, but there are slight variations based on current banking technology, compliance, and security issues.

1. Multifactor Authentication

Implement multifactor authentication (MFA) on all your email accounts wherever it is possible and appropriate. MFA can reduce the risk of having account credentials compromised by as much as 99.9%, making it one of the most effective measures you can use to protect your institution. There is typically a small cost for licensing and implementing MFA software. So, you can add MFA to your email accounts for a nominal cost and with minimal effort in most cases. If you are using Microsoft’s cloud email solution, for instance, implementing MFA can be as easy as changing a few minor settings. Another area to consider for MFA is logging into the domain account. There can be a cost associated with this as you will probably want to use a tool to help you manage the process. You can apply MFA only on accounts with administrator rights or on all users. But since many cybersecurity insurance companies are requiring MFA for accounts with administrator rights, using this stronger type of authentication might be your only option.

2. Laptops

With different variants of COVID-19 or other viruses popping up, remote work may still be an option for certain employees. Remote capabilities may even be necessary to keep the institution operating smoothly at times. Be sure you have the infrastructure in place for a partial remote workforce because the need could develop at any point. For this reason, you should consider providing laptops for all employees who could conceivably work from home. Start with those who need new devices. Then prioritize based on those doing the highest-level work necessary to keep the institution running. Laptops and encryption software, required for mobile devices, may cost slightly more but should not cause a huge increase in expenditures. In some cases, you may be able to reuse a desktop computer to replace an older workstation for an employee whose duties cannot be performed remotely.

And don’t forget… There is a chip shortage and high demand for laptops, which means it can take months to secure computers and other hardware. So, order any equipment you need well in advance to ensure you have the appropriate infrastructure in place to support staff that may need to work from home.

3. Moving to the Cloud

Having infrastructure in the cloud can be extremely beneficial, so slowly start moving your infrastructure to the cloud. Cloud infrastructure decreases the need for an employee to be onsite with the hardware, and cloud computing increases uptime. In addition, disaster recovery becomes easier and faster with cloud infrastructure. More than 90% of Fortune 500 companies are running at least some infrastructure in the cloud, primarily through Microsoft’s cloud computing platform: Azure. The cloud is the future of IT and infrastructure, and it makes sense for institutions that need reliable and resilient infrastructures. So, if you need to purchase a server next year, consider getting a quote for moving the server to the cloud instead.

4. Cloud Security

While the cloud offers plenty of advantages, it comes with settings, management tools, and security options that must be effectively configured and managed to ensure the highest level of security in the cloud. Cloud security is a concern for not only institutions with infrastructure in the cloud, but also for M365 Windows/Office licensees with OneDrive enabled, email in the cloud, or using Microsoft as an authentication mechanism with a third-party application. Earlier this year, the FDIC released a letter outlining the need to secure cloud configurations. Their cloud-security concerns are warranted. Safe Systems has worked with several institutions ranging from a hundred million in assets up to multibillion dollars in assets and found that almost every institution had gaps in their cloud security. Some institutions had indications of their email or user accounts being compromised; others had settings that could open the door to future compromises. Safe Systems worked closely with these institutions to develop an innovative M365 Security solution to address these issues with reports, alerts, and reviews. This unique product is specifically designed to help financial institutions manage their cloud setup now and in the future. In addition, it is a reasonably priced option for the substantial amount of value that it delivers. Institutions should reach out for a quote to determine if M365 Security could fit into their budget next year.

5. Virtual ISO

Another item to consider for your budget is virtual Information Security Officer or VISO services, which we also mentioned last year. These services have become increasingly popular as the landscape of information security has grown more extensive and complex. In many cases, institutions are finding it harder to keep up with the latest information security expectations, regulations, and trends. Safe Systems’ ISOversight service addresses this problem by combining applications for self-management with assistance from compliance experts to offer a VISO service at a competitive price. This type of service can be beneficial in many ways as it can provide structure, automation, accountability, assistance, and consistency throughout your information security program. It can also enable your institution to stay engaged, which is critical when an exam or audit occurs. VISO services, which vary in price depending on the work being performed by the third-party provider, are ideal for any institution with limited access to security expertise in-house.

6. Cybersecurity

You cannot have a conversation about budgets for next year without addressing the issue of cybersecurity. Consider this: Cyber-attacks are 300 times more likely to hit financial services firms than other companies, a recent Boston Consulting Group report indicates. Cyber-attacks continue to climb each year, with the global cybersecurity market expected to eclipse $300 billion by 2024, according to Global Insights. And cybersecurity has become even more precarious during the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has created new opportunities for security breaches as the increase in remote work makes information security more challenging to manage. Unfortunately, institutions will need to increase their security layers and annual spending to address this issue. According to Computer Services Inc. (CSI), 59% of financial institutions will increase spending for cybersecurity this year.

In Conclusion

The threat to your institution’s data is as real today as it ever has been. Therefore, make sure you are applying these measures to strengthen your security:

  • Employee training to ensure adequate, effective, and safe practices
  • Perimeter protection to ensure the appropriate layers are enabled and all traffic is being handled correctly, including encrypted traffic
  • Advanced threat protection and logging to be able to identify how, if at all, malware or an intrusion created an incident
  • Backup and data redundancy to ensure ransomware cannot wipe out your data

Have a conversation with a security company you trust to ensure that, if you are the target of a ransomware attack, your business won’t sustain long-term damage. In other words, invest in cybersecurity now, so your institution won’t end up paying more later.

As you contemplate your budget for 2022, don’t just think about the items that others have put on your plate. Be sure to consider the changes that may have occurred at your institution—and the ones that may be coming—and have a plan to address these. All these changes can be exciting and make a major difference for your institution. But they can often be hard to get implemented if they are not budgeted for ahead of time.

29 Sep 2021
Understanding Microsoft O365/M365 Settings to Ensure Your Security Controls Are Effective

Understanding Microsoft O365/M365 Settings to Ensure Your Security Controls Are Effective

Understanding Microsoft O365/M365 Settings to Ensure Your Security Controls Are Effective

It’s important for financial institutions to understand Microsoft Office 365 (O365) and M365 settings, so they can optimize the security controls and quickly detect potential areas of compromise. The educational journey begins with acknowledging the role of Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), Microsoft’s cloud-based user authentication platform.

When your institution purchased O365 (recently rebranded as M365), it established a Microsoft tenant with Azure AD. Since that tenant belongs to you and your institution—not the licensing reseller—it is your responsibility to understand Azure AD and its controls. This is where you can customize the settings to create more sophisticated and appropriate security policies for your institution.

Monitoring for Exceptions to Security Controls

Once your institution has good policies in place, it’s essential to monitor for exceptions. There are so many security controls to check; it can be difficult to know if there is a policy exception or even an active compromise. As an added challenge, some controls can have a major impact on the user experience, and these controls cannot be created arbitrarily by a third party simply based on what is presumed to be best practice.

Therefore, you must build policies around what users are allowed to do, what your institution’s risk assessment defines, and what users will tolerate. Making appropriate policy-related adjustments to O365/M365 requires knowing how to connect with and analyze specific Microsoft data to modify the related security controls. Microsoft has created a plethora of controls, which can be difficult for many customers to navigate. That’s where it can be beneficial to partner with a value-added reseller like Safe Systems.

M365 Security Basics

Safe Systems consults with clients to help them best use O365/M365 controls and uncover their cloud security “blind spots.” M365 Security Basics is the first CloudInsight™ offering that provides visibility into security settings for Azure Active Directory and O365/M365 tenants.

M365 Security Basics consists of three main parts—reporting, alerting, and quarterly reviews— that your institution can choose from based on its needs. The reporting feature pulls Microsoft data that may not be easily accessible and compiles it into a user-friendly format. The reports show the fundamental settings at a glance, so institutions can track configuration changes over time. There are summary reports that IT administrators can use to quickly identify anomalies in their organization as well as detailed reports that include the specifics of a given anomaly.

While reporting generates important ongoing details, it can produce a substantial amount of information for you to review. Alerts can notify you as soon as possible about the most common setting changes or activity that can represent an indicator of compromise, so you can investigate and respond.

With the quarterly review component, Safe Systems will help you walk through the content of all your reports and discuss your overall strategy for adjusting the configurations. Having all this data at your fingertips makes it easier to make assessments to determine which settings are right for your organization. Two key settings to enable are multi-factor authentication—which should be universal for every user because it adds a critical layer of protection to the user sign-in process—and auditing which is crucial for investigating changes.

Educate. Expose. Empower.

The goal of M365 Security Basics is to educate financial institutions about the unfamiliar concepts related to O365/M365, expose the reality of what they are already living today, and empower them to take action where changes are needed.

For more information about how to understand O365/M365 settings to ensure your security controls are effective, listen to our webinar on “Cloud O365-M365 Security – Do You Know if You Are Currently Compromised?”